Free Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 41, Number 6, November–December 2010
Emerging and re-emerging animal viruses
Number of page(s) 13
Published online 15 February 2010
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2010) 41:39
  • Alexandersen S., Bloom M.E., Wolfinbarger J., Evidence of restricted viral replication in adult mink infected with Aleutian disease of mink parvovirus, J. Virol. (1988) 62:1495–1507. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Appel M.J.G., Cooper B.J., Greisen H., Carmichael L.E., Status report: canine viral enteritis, J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. (1978) 173:1516–1518. [Google Scholar]
  • Appel M.J.G., Scott F.W., Carmichael L.E., Isolation and immunisation studies of a canine parvo-like virus from dogs with haemorrhagic enteritis, Vet. Rec. (1979) 105:156–159. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Barker I.K., Povey R.C., Voigt D.R., Response of mink, skunk, red fox and raccoon to inoculation with mink virus enteritis, feline panleukopenia and canine parvovirus and prevalence of antibody in wild carnivores in Ontario, Can. J. Comp. Med. (1983) 47:188–197. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Barker I.K., Parrish C.R., Parvovirus infections, in: Williams E., Barker I. (Eds.), Infectious diseases of wild mammals, Blackwell Publishing, 2001. [Google Scholar]
  • Battilani M., Scagliarini A., Ciulli S., Morganti L., Prosperi S., High genetic diversity of the VP2 gene of a canine parvovirus strain detected in a domestic cat, Virology (2006) 352:22–26. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Biek R., Zarnke R.L., Gillin C., Wild M., Squires J.R., Poss M., Serologic survey for viral and bacterial infections in western populations of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis), J. Wildl. Dis. (2002) 38:840–845. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Biek R., Ruth T.K., Murphy K.M., Anderson C.R. Jr, Johnson M., DeSimone R., et al., Factors associated with pathogen seroprevalence and infection in Rocky Mountain cougars, J. Wildl. Dis. (2006) 42:606–615. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Burger D., Gorham J.R., Ott R.L., Protection of cats against feline panleukopenia following mink virus enteritis vaccination, Small Anim. Clin. (1963) 3:611–614. [Google Scholar]
  • Burger D., Gorham J.R., Mink virus enteritis, in: Davis W.R., Harstad L.H., Trainer D.O. (Eds.), Infectious diseases of wild mamals, Iowa University Press, Ames, Iowa, 1970, pp. 76–84. [Google Scholar]
  • Chinchkar S.R., Mohana Subramanian B., Hanumantha Rao N., Rangarajan P.N., Thiagarajan D., Srinivasan V.A., Analysis of VP2 gene sequences of canine parvovirus isolates in India, Arch. Virol. (2006) 151:1881–1887. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Costa A.P., Leite J.P., Labarthe N.V., Garcia R.C., Genomic typing of canine parvovirus circulating in the state of rio de janeiro, Brazil from 1995 to 2001 using polymerase chain reaction assay, Vet. Res. Commun. (2005) 29:735–743. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Cotmore S.F., Tattersall P., The autonomously replicating parvoviruses of vertebrates, Adv. Virus Res. (1987) 33:91–174. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Cotmore S.F., Tattersall P., DNA replication in the autonomous parvoviruses, Seminars in Virology (1995) 6:271–281. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Decaro N., Martella V., Desario C., Bellacicco A.L., Camero M., Manna L., et al., First detection of canine parvovirus type 2c in pups with haemorrhagic enteritis in Spain, J. Vet. Med. B Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health (2006) 53:468–472. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Decaro N., Desario C., Elia G., Campolo M., Lorusso A., Mari V., et al., Occurrence of severe gastroenteritis in pups after canine parvovirus vaccine administration: a clinical and laboratory diagnostic dilemma, Vaccine (2007) 25:1161–1166. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Decaro N., Desario C., Parisi A., Martella V., Lorusso A., Miccolupo A., et al., Genetic analysis of canine parvovirus type 2c, Virology (2009) 385:5–10. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Doki M., Fujita K., Miura R., Yoneda M., Ishikawa Y., Taneno A., Kai C., Sequence analysis of VP2 gene of canine parvovirus isolated from domestic dogs in Japan in 1999 and 2000, Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (2006) 29:199–206. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Driciru M., Siefert L., Prager K.C., Dubovi E., Sande R., Princee F., et al., A serosurvey of viral infections in lions (Panthera leo), from Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda, J. Wildl. Dis. (2006) 42:667–671. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Gamoh K., Shimazaki Y., Makie H., Senda M., Itoh O., Inoue Y., The pathogenicity of canine parvovirus type-2b, FP84 strain isolated from a domestic cat, in domestic cats, J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2003) 65:1027–1029. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Gese E., Schultz R.D., Rongstad O.J., Andersen D.E., Prevalence of antibodies against canine parvovirus and canine distemper virus in wild coyotes in southeastern Colorado, J. Wildl. Dis. (1991) 27:320–323. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hafenstein S., Bowman V.D., Sun T., Nelson C.D., Palermo L.M., Chipman P.R., et al., Structural comparison of different antibodies interacting with parvovirus capsids, J. Virol. (2009) 83:5556–5566. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hirayama K., Kano R., Hosokawa-Kanai T., Tuchiya K., Tsuyama S., Nakamura Y., et al., VP2 gene of a canine parvovirus isolate from stool of a puppy, J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2005) 67:139–143. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hoelzer K., Shackelton L.A., Holmes E.C., Parrish C.R., Within-host genetic diversity of endemic and emerging parvoviruses of dogs and cats, J. Virol. (2008) 82:11096–11105. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hoelzer K., Shackelton L.A., Parrish C.R., Presence and role of cytosine methylation in DNA viruses of animals, Nucleic Acids Res. (2008) 36:2825–2837. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hoelzer K., Shackelton L.A., Parrish C.R., Holmes E.C., Phylogenetic analysis reveals the emergence, evolution and dispersal of carnivore parvoviruses, J. Gen. Virol. (2008) 89:2280–2289. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hong C., Decaro N., Desario C., Tanner P., Pardo M.C., Sanchez S., et al., Occurrence of canine parvovirus type 2c in the United States, J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. (2007) 19:535–539. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Horiuchi M., Yamaguchi Y., Gojobori T., Mochizuki M., Nagasawa H., Toyoda Y., et al., Differences in the evolutionary pattern of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus, Virology (1998) 249:440–452. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hueffer K., Govindasamy L., Agbandje-McKenna M., Parrish C.R., Combinations of two capsid regions controlling canine host range determine canine transferrin receptor binding by canine and feline parvoviruses, J. Virol. (2003) 77:10099–10105. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hueffer K., Parker J.S., Weichert W.S., Geisel R.E., Sgro J.Y., Parrish C.R., The natural host range shift and subsequent evolution of canine parvovirus resulted from virus-specific binding to the canine transferrin receptor, J. Virol. (2003) 77:1718–1726. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hueffer K., Parrish C.R., Parvovirus host range, cell tropism and evolution, Curr. Opin. Microbiol. (2003) 6:392–398. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ikeda Y., Miyazawa T., Nakamura K., Naito R., Inoshima Y., Tung K.C., et al., Serosurvey for selected virus infections of wild carnivores in Taiwan and Vietnam, J. Wildl. Dis. (1999) 35:578–581. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ikeda Y., Mochizuki M., Naito R., Nakamura K., Miyazawa T., Mikami T., Takahashi E., Predominance of canine parvovirus (CPV) in unvaccinated cat populations and emergence of new antigenic types of CPVs in cats, Virology (2000) 278:13–19. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ikeda Y., Nakamura K., Miyazawa T., Takahashi E., Mochizuki M., Feline host range of canine parvovirus: recent emergence of new antigenic types in cats, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (2002) 8:341–346. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kang B.K., Song D.S., Lee C.S., Jung K.I., Park S.J., Kim E.M., Park B.K., Prevalence and genetic characterization of canine parvoviruses in Korea, Virus Genes (2008) 36:127–133. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kapil S., Cooper E., Lamm C., Murray B., Rezabek G., Johnston L. III, et al., Canine parvovirus types 2c and 2b circulating in North American dogs in 2006 and 2007, J. Clin. Microbiol. (2007) 45:4044–4047. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kapil S., Rezabek G., Germany B., Johnston L., Isolation of a virus related to canine parvovirus type 2 from a raccoon (Procyon lotor), Vet. Rec. (2010) 166:24–25. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Larson L.J., Schultz R.D., Do two current canine parvovirus type 2 and 2b vaccines provide protection against the new type 2c variant?, Vet. Ther. (2008) 9:94–101. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Llamas-Saiz A.L., Agbandje-McKenna M., Parker J.S.L., Wahid A.T.M., Parrish C.R., Rossmann M.G., Structural analysis of a mutation in canine parvovirus which controls antigenicity and host range, Virology (1996) 225:65–71. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Martella V., Decaro N., Elia G., Buonavoglia C., Surveillance activity for canine parvovirus in Italy, J. Vet. Med. B Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health (2005) 52:312–315. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mochizuki M., Harasawa R., Nakatani H., Antigenic and genomic variabilities among recently prevalent parvoviruses of canine and feline origin in Japan, Vet. Microbiol. (1993) 38:1–10. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Murphy F.A., Fauquet C.M., Mayo M.A., Jarvis S.A., Ghabrial S.A., Summers M.D., et al., International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, International Union of Microbiological Societies. Virology Division Virus taxonomy/G: classification and nomenclature of viruses: Sixth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, Arch. Virol. (1995) (Suppl.) 586 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Myers W.L., Alberts J.O., Brandley C.A., Certain characteristics of the virus of infectious enteritis of mink and observations on pathogenesis of the disease – preliminary report, Can. J. Comp. Med. (1959) 23:282–287. [Google Scholar]
  • Nakamura K., Sakamoto M., Ikeda Y., Sato E., Kawakami K., Miyazawa T., et al., Pathogenic potential of canine parvovirus types 2a and 2c in domestic cats, Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. (2001) 8:663–668. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nakamura M., Tohya Y., Miyazawa T., Mochizuki M., Phung H.T., Nguyen N.H., et al., A novel antigenic variant of canine parvovirus from a Vietnamese dog, Arch. Virol. (2004) 149:2261–2269. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nelson C.D., Minkkinen E., Bergkvist M., Hoelzer K., Fisher M., Bothner B., Parrish C.R., Detecting small changes and additional peptides in the canine parvovirus capsid structure, J. Virol. (2008) 82:10397–10407. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Op De Beeck A., Caillet-Fauquet P., Viruses and the cell cycle, Prog. Cell Cycle Res. (1997) 3:1–19. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Palermo L.M., Hafenstein S.L., Parrish C.R., Purified feline and canine transferrin receptors reveal complex interactions with the capsids of canine and feline parvoviruses that correspond to their host ranges, J. Virol. (2006) 80:8482–8492. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Gorham J.R., Schwartz T.M., Carmichael L.E., Characterisation of antigenic variation among mink enteritis virus isolates, Am. J. Vet. Res. (1984) 45:2591–2599. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Carmichael L.E., Characterization and recombination mapping of an antigenic and hostrange mutation of canine parvovirus, Virology (1986) 148:121–132. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Leathers C.W., Pearson R., Gorham J.R., Comparisons of feline panleukopenia virus, canine parvovirus, racoon parvovirus, and mink enteritis virus and their pathogenicity for mink and ferrets, Am. J. Vet. Res. (1987) 48:1429–1435. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Aquadro C., Strassheim M.L., Evermann J.F., Sgro J.-Y., Mohammed H., Rapid antigenic-type replacement and DNA sequence evolution of canine parvovirus, J. Virol. (1991) 65:6544–6552. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., The emergence and evolution of canine parvovirus – an example of recent host range mutation, Semin. Virol. (1994) 5:121–132. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus, Baillieres Clin. Haematol. (1995) 8:57–71. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Host range relationships and the evolution of canine parvovirus, Vet. Microbiol. (1999) 69:29–40. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Parrish C.R., Truyen U., The evolution of parvoviruses, in: Domingo E., Webster R.G., Holland J.J., Picknett T. (Eds.), Origin and evolution of viruses, Academic Press, London, 1999, pp. 421–439. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pereira C.A., Leal E.S., Durigon E.L., Selective regimen shift and demographic growth increase associated with the emergence of high-fitness variants of canine parvovirus, Infect. Genet. Evol. (2007) 7:399–409. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Perez R., Francia L., Romero V., Maya L., Lopez I., Hernandez M., First detection of canine parvovirus type 2c in South America, Vet. Microbiol. (2007) 124:147–152. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Porter D.D., Aleutian disease: a persistent parvovirus infection of mink with a maximal but ineffective host humoral immune response, Prog. Med. Virol. (1986) 33:42–60. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Qin Q., Loeffler I.K., Li M., Tian K., Wei F., Sequence analysis of a canine parvovirus isolated from a red panda (Ailurus fulgens) in China, Virus Genes (2007) 34:299–302. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Qin Q., Wei F., Li M., Dubovi E.J., Loeffler I.K., Serosurvey of infectious disease agents of carnivores in captive red pandas (Ailurus fulgens) in China, J. Zoo Wildl. Med. (2007) 38:42–50. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ramsauer S., Bay G., Meli M., Hofmann-Lehmann R., Lutz H., Seroprevalence of selected infectious agents in a free-ranging, low-density lion population in the Central Kalahari Game Reserves in Botswana, Clin. Vaccine Immunol. (2007) 14:808–810. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Schofield F.W., Virus enteritis in mink, N. Am. Vet. (1949) 30:651–654. [Google Scholar]
  • Shackelton L.A., Parrish C.R., Truyen U., Holmes E.C., High rate of viral evolution associated with the emergence of carnivore parvovirus, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2005) 102:379–384. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Steinel A., Munson L., van Vuuren M., Truyen U., Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores, J. Gen. Virol. (2000) 81:345–350. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Steinel A., Parrish C.R., Bloom M.E., Truyen U., Parvovirus infections in wild carnivores, J. Wildl. Dis. (2001) 37:594–607. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Thomas N.J., Foreyt W.J., Evermann J.F., Windberg L.A., Knowlton F.F., Seroprevalence of canine parvovirus in wild coyotes from Texas, Utah, and Idaho (1972 to 1983), J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. (1984) 185:1283–1287. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Truyen U., Parrish C.R., Canine and feline host ranges of canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus: distinct host cell tropisms of each virus in vitro and in vivo, J. Virol. (1992) 66:5399–5408. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Truyen U., Platzer G., Parrish C.R., Hanichen T., Hermanns W., Kaaden O.R., Detection of canine parvovirus DNA in paraffin-embedded tissues by polymerase chain reaction, Zentralbl. Veterinarmed. B (1994) 41:148–152. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Truyen U., Gruenberg A., Chang S.F., Obermaier B., Veijalainen P., Parrish C.R., Evolution of the feline-subgroup parvoviruses and the control of canine host range in vivo, J. Virol. (1995) 69:4702–4710. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Truyen U., Evermann J.F., Vieler E., Parrish C.R., Evolution of canine parvovirus involved loss and gain of feline host range, Virology (1996) 215:186–189. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Truyen U., Platzer G., Parrish C.R., Antigenic type distribution among canine parvoviruses in dogs and cats in Germany, Vet. Rec. (1996) 138:365–366. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Truyen U., Muller T., Heidrich R., Tackmann K., Carmichael L.E., Survey on viral pathogens in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Germany with emphasis on parvoviruses and analysis of a DNA sequence from a red fox parvovirus, Epidemiol. Infect. (1998) 121:433–440. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Veijalainen P., Characterization of biological and antigenic properties of raccoon dog and blue fox parvoviruses: a monoclonal antibody study, Vet. Microbiol. (1988) 16:219–230. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Wills C.G., Notes on infectious enteritis of mink and its relationship to feline enteritis, Can. J. Comp. Med. (1952) 16:419–420. [Google Scholar]
  • Wills G., Belcher J., The prevention of virus enteritis of mink with commercial feline panleukopenia vaccine, J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. (1956) 128:559–560. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zarnke R.L., Ver Hoef J.M., Delong R.A., Serologic survey for selected disease agents in wolves (canis lupus) from Alaska and the Yukon territory, 1984–2000, J. Wildl. Dis. (2004) 40:632–638. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]