Effect of the nematophagous fungus, Duddingtonia flagrans, on the larval development of goat parasitic nematodes: a plot studyChristophe Chartier and Isabelle Pors
AFSSA, Laboratoire d'Études et de Recherches Caprines, 60 rue de Pied de Fond, BP 3081, 79012 Niort Cedex, France
(Received 20 June 2002; accepted 23 October 2002)
Effective alternatives to anthelmintic treatment against nematode parasites of goats are required because of the high prevalence of benzimidazole resistance. Towards this objective, the nematophagous fungus, Duddingtonia flagrans (Df), was used in a plot study against two main parasitic nematode species of goats, Teladorsagia circumcincta (Tcir) and Trichostrongylus colubriformis (Tcol). Worm-free, culled goats were experimentally infected with strains of Tcir and Tcol to constitute donors. Half of the animals were periodically given Df chlamydospores at a daily dose of 2.5 10 5 spores/kg BW while the remaining animals were kept as controls. At 5 time periods i.e. March, May, July, September and November 2001, corresponding to the main grazing season in France for goats, faeces were collected from the 6th day of fungus administration for the following 2 days to obtain approximately 1 kg of faeces from each group of animals: Tcir/Control, Tcol/Control, Tcir/Fungus, Tcol/Fungus. For each period and each group, the faeces were deposited on a 1 m 2 grass plot and the grass was cut (3 replicates) on weeks 2, 4, 6, 8 ,12 after deposition, for infective larval recovery. Larvae were counted and the results were expressed as a ratio of larvae/eggs deposited. On the plots with the control faeces deposited in March, July and September, the grass infectivity due to Tcir and Tcol was similar and the maximum number occurred between 2 and 4 weeks post deposition. In May, the maximum numbers of larvae were not recorded until 8 weeks after deposition, due to high daily temperatures and dryness. In November, larval development took place only for Tcir. On the plots with the fungus treated faeces, a significant reduction in grass infectivity occurred for both nematodes and ranged from 50-60% in May, July and November deposits to 80-90% in the September deposit. On the contrary to these findings, no difference was recorded between the fungus and control plots for the March deposit. In conclusion, D. flagrans is suitable for reducing the number of infective larvae in the herbage during the main part of the grazing period for the most important digestive nematodes of goats.
Key words: goat / biological control / Duddingtonia flagrans / nematode parasite
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