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Vet. Res.
Volume 34, Number 3, May-June 2003
Page(s) 331 - 339
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2003) 331-339
Vet. Res. 34 (2003) 331-339
DOI: 10.1051/vetres:2003008

Effects of condensed tannins on established populations and on incoming larvae of Trichostrongylus colubriformis and Teladorsagia circumcincta in goats

Virginie Paolinia, Audrey Frayssinesa, France De La Fargeb, Philippe Dorchiesa and Hervé Hostea

a  Unité Mixte de Recherches 1225 INRA/ENVT, Interactions Hôtes Pathogènes, École Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, 23, chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse, France
b  Laboratoire de Biochimie, Faculté de Médecine de Rangueil, 31403 Toulouse, France

(Received 16 September 2002; accepted 20 December 2002)

The use of tanniferous plants or tannins represents one alternative approach to the control of gastrointestinal parasites in ruminants but most data have been obtained in sheep. The current study was therefore performed in goats with two objectives: firstly, to investigate the effects of condensed tannins (CT) on adult populations of Trichostrongylus colubriformis and Teladorsagia circumcincta; secondly, to examine their effects on the establishment of infective larvae of these two species. In experiment 1, two groups of kids were infected with 6 000 L3 of T. colubriformis and 6 000 L3 of T. circumcincta. After 7 weeks, quebracho extracts were administered per os for 8 days to one group. A comparable group which did not receive tannins was included as the control. The kids were slaughtered on week 11. Parasitological and pathophysiological parameters were measured weekly. Worm counts were assessed and mast cells, globule leukocytes and eosinophils were counted in the abomasal and intestinal mucosae. Tannin administration was associated with a decrease in egg excretion, and a decrease in female fecundity, but with no changes in worm numbers. These changes were associated with an increased number of intestinal mast cells. In experiment 2, 24 goats were used according to a 2 $\times$ 2 factorial design, depending on infection and tannin administration. Two groups were either infected with 6 000 L3 of T. colubriformis or T. circumcincta. Within each group, the goats were either drenched or undrenched with tannin extracts. Pathophysiological parameters were measured weekly. Twelve days after the cessation of tannin administration, the goats were slaughtered. Worm counts and female worm fecundity were determined. Tannin consumption was associated with a significant reduction ( P < 0.01) of Trichostrongylus populations and a close to significant reduction for Teladorsagia. No effect on fecundity was observed. Our results (1) confirm the consequences of condensed tannins on nematodes in goats as in sheep and (2) indicate divergent effects depending on the parasitic stage exposed to the condensed tannins.

Key words: Trichostrongylus colubriformis / Teladorsagia circumcincta / goat / tannin / alternative methods of control

Correspondence and reprints: Virginie Paolini Tel.: (33) 5 61 19 38 75; fax: (33) 5 61 19 39 44;

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2003