Open Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 40, Number 3, May-June 2009
Number of page(s) 11
Published online 27 January 2009
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2009) 40:19
References of  Vet. Res. (2009) 40:19
  1. Acin C., Martin-Burriel I., Goldmann W., Lyahyai J., Monzon M., Bolea R., et al., Prion protein gene polymorphisms in healthy and scrapie-affected Spanish sheep, J. Gen. Virol. (2004) 85:2103-2110 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  2. Agrimi U., Ru G., Cardone F., Pocchiari M., Caramelli M., Epidemic of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in sheep and goats in Italy, Lancet (1999) 353:560-561 [CrossRef].
  3. Agrimi U., Nonno R., Dell'Omo G., Di Bari M.A., Conte M., Chiappini B., et al., Prion protein amino acid determinants of differential susceptibility and molecular feature of prion strains in mice and voles, PLoS Pathog. (2008) 4:e1000113.
  4. Alvarez L., Arranz J.J., San Primitivo F., Identi- fication of a new leucine haplotype (ALQ) at codon 154 in the ovine prion protein gene in Spanish sheep, J. Anim. Sci. (2006) 84:259-265 [PubMed].
  5. Baylis M., Chihota C., Stevenson E., Goldmann W., Smith A., Sivam K., et al., Risk of scrapie in British sheep of different prion protein genotype, J. Gen. Virol. (2004) 85:2735-2740 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  6. Belt P.B., Muileman I.H., Schreuder B.E., Bos-de Ruijter J., Gielkens A.L., Smits M.A., Identification of five allelic variants of the sheep PrP gene and their association with natural scrapie, J. Gen. Virol. (1995) 76:509-517 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  7. Billeter M., Riek R., Wider G., Hornemann S., Glockshuber R., Wuthrich K., Prion protein NMR structure and species barrier for prion diseases, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1997) 94:7281-7285 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  8. Billinis C., Psychas V., Leontides L., Spyrou V., Argyroudis S., Vlemmas I., et al., Prion protein gene polymorphisms in healthy and scrapie-affected sheep in Greece, J. Gen. Virol. (2004) 85:547-554 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  9. Bland J.M., Altman D.G., Multiple significance tests: the Bonferroni method, BMJ (1995) 310:170 [PubMed].
  10. Bossers A., Schreuder B.E., Muileman I.H., Belt P.B., Smits M.A., PrP genotype contributes to determining survival times of sheep with natural scrapie, J. Gen. Virol. (1996) 77:2669-2673 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  11. Bruce M.E., Will R.G., Ironside J.W., McConnell I., Drummond D., Suttie A., et al., Transmissions to mice indicate that `new variant' CJD is caused by the BSE agent, Nature (1997) 389:498-501 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  12. Caughey B., Prion protein conversions: insight into mechanisms, TSE transmission barriers and strains, Br. Med. Bull. (2003) 66:109-120 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  13. DeSilva U., Guo X., Kupfer D.M., Fernando S.C., Pillai A.T., Najar F.Z., et al., Allelic variants of ovine prion protein gene (PRNP) in Oklahoma sheep, Cytogenet. Genome Res. (2003) 102:89-94 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  14. Di Bari M.A., Chianini F., Vaccari G., Esposito E., Conte M., Eaton S.L., et al., The bank vole (Myodes glareolus) as a sensitive bioassay for sheep scrapie, J. Gen. Virol. (2008) 89:2975-2985 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  15. Eloit M., Adjou K., Coulpier M., Fontaine J.J., Hamel R., Lilin T., et al., BSE agent signatures in a goat, Vet. Rec. (2005) 156:523-524.
  16. Elsen J.M., Amigues Y., Schelcher F., Ducrocq V., Andreoletti O., Eychenne F., et al., Genetic susceptibility and transmission factors in scrapie detailed analysis of an epidemic in a closed flock o Romanov, Arch. Virol. (1999) 144:431-445 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  17. Goldmann W., Hunter N., Foster J.D., Salbaum J.M., Beyreuther K., Hope J., Two alleles of a neura protein gene linked to scrapie in sheep, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA (1990) 87:2476-2480 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  18. Goldmann W., Hunter N., Smith G., Foster J. Hope J., PrP genotype and agent effects in scrapie change in allelic interaction with different isolates o agent in sheep, a natural host of scrapie, J. Gen. Virol (1994) 75:989-995 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  19. Goldmann W., Baylis M., Chihota C., Stevenso E., Hunter N., Frequencies of PrP gene haplotypes i British sheep flocks and the implications for breedin programmes, J. Appl. Microbiol. (2005) 98:1294-1302 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Goldmann W., Houston F., Stewart P. Perucchini M., Foster J., Hunter N., Ovine prio protein variant A136R154L168Q171 increases resis tance to experimental challenge with bovine spongi form encephalopathy agent, J. Gen. Virol. (2006) 87 3741-3745.
  21. Goldmann W., PrP genetics in ruminant trans missible spongiform encephalopathies, Vet. Res (2008) 39:30 [PubMed] [EDP Sciences].
  22. Gossert A.D., Bonjour S., Lysek D.A., Fiorito F. Wuthrich K., Prion protein NMR structures of elk an of mouse/elk hybrids, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2005) 102:646-650 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  23. Groschup M.H., Lacroux C., Buschmann A. Luhken G., Mathey J., Eiden M., et al., Classic scrapi in sheep with the ARR/ARR prion genotype i Germany and France, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (2007 13:1201-1207.
  24. Heaton M.P., Leymaster K.A., Freking B.A. Hawk D.A., Smith T.P., Keele J.W., et al., Prion gen sequence variation within diverse groups of US sheep beef cattle, and deer, Mamm. Genome (2003) 14 765-777.
  25. Hunter N., Scrapie: uncertainties, biology an molecular approaches, Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2007) 1772:619-628 [PubMed].
  26. Ikeda T., Horiuchi M., Ishiguro N., Muramatsu Y. Kai-Uwe G.D., Shinagawa M., Amino acid polymor phisms of PrP with reference to onset of scrapie i Suffolk and Corriedale sheep in Japan, J. Gen. Virol (1995) 76:2577-2581 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  27. Kaneko K., Zulianello L., Scott M., Coope C.M., Wallace A.C., James T.L., et al., Evidence fo protein X binding to a discontinuous epitope on th cellular prion protein during scrapie prion propagation Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1997) 94:10069-10074.
  28. Kutzer T., Pfeiffer I., Brenig B., Identification o new allelic variants in the ovine prion protein (PrP gene, J. Anim. Breed. Genet. (2002) 119:201-208 [CrossRef].
  29. Langeveld J.P., Jacobs J.G., Erkens J.H., Bossers A., van Zijderveld F.G., van Keulen L.J., Rapid and discriminatory diagnosis of scrapie and BSE in retro- pharyngeal lymph nodes of sheep, BMC Vet. Res. (2006) 2:19 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  30. Luhken G., Buschmann A., Brandt H., Eiden M., Groschup M.H., Erhardt G., Epidemiological and genetical differences between classical and atypical scrapie cases, Vet. Res. (2007) 38:65-80 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [EDP Sciences].
  31. Moum T., Olsaker I., Hopp P., Moldal T., Valheim M., Moum T., Benestad S.L., Polymorphisms at codons 141 and 154 in the ovine prion protein gene are associated with scrapie Nor98 cases, J. Gen. Virol. (2005) 86:231-235 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  32. Nonno R., Esposito E., Vaccari G., Conte M., Marcon S., Di Bari M., et al., Molecular analysis of cases of Italian sheep scrapie and comparison with cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and experimental BSE in sheep, J. Clin. Microbiol. (2003) 41:4127-4133 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  33. Prusiner S.B., Novel proteinaceous infectious particles cause scrapie, Science (1982) 216:136-144 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  34. Saunders G.C., Cawthraw S., Mountjoy S.J., Hope J., Windl O., PrP genotypes of atypical scrapie cases in Great Britain, J. Gen. Virol. (2006) 87: 3141-3149.
  35. Sawaya M.R., Sambashivan S., Nelson R Ivanova M.I., Sievers S.A., Apostol M.I., et al Atomic structures of amyloid cross-beta spines revea varied steric zippers, Nature (2007) 447:453-457 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  36. Schutz E., Scharfenstein M., Brenig B., Geno typing of ovine prion protein gene (PRNP) variants b PCR with melting curve analysis, Clin. Chem. (2006 52:1426-1429.
  37. Slate J., Molecular evolution of the sheep prio protein gene, Proc. Biol. Sci. (2005) 272:2371-2377 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. Thorgeirsdottir S., Sigurdarson S., Thorisso H.M., Georgsson G., Palsdottir A., PrP gene poly morphism and natural scrapie in Icelandic sheep J. Gen. Virol. (1999) 80:2527-2534.
  39. Vaccari G., Petraroli R., Agrimi U., Eleni C Perfetti M.G., Di Bari M.A., et al., PrP genotype i Sarda breed sheep and its relevance to scrapie, Brie report, Arch. Virol. (2001) 146:2029-2037 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  40. Vaccari G., D0 Agostino C., Nonno R., Rosone F Conte M., Di Bari M.A., et al., Prion protein allele showing a protective effect on the susceptibility o sheep to scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalop athy, J. Virol. (2007) 81:7306-7309 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  41. Zhou H., Hickford J.G., Fang Q., Technical note determination of alleles of the ovine PRNP gene usin PCR-single-strand conformational polymorphis analysis, J. Anim. Sci. (2005) 83:745-749 [PubMed].