Free Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 40, Number 2, March-April 2009
Adaptative strategies of vector-borne pathogens to vectorial transmission
Number of page(s) 13
Published online 28 November 2008
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2009) 40:12
References of  Vet. Res. (2009) 40:12
  1. Anonymous, The control of lice and louseborne diseases, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, Washington D.C., 1973, pp. 1–311.
  2. Adams J.R., Schmidtmann E.T., Azad A.F., Infection of colonized cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis with a rickettsia-like microorganism, Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1990) 43:400–409 [PubMed].
  3. Azad A.F., relationship of vector biology and epidemiology of louse and flea-borne rickettsioses, In: Walker D.H. (Ed.), Biology of rickettsial diseases, CRC, 1988, pp. 51–61.
  4. Azad A.F., Traub R., Experimental transmission of murine typhus by Xenopsylla cheopis flea bites, Med. Vet. Entomol. (1989) 3:429–433 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  5. Azad A.F., Epidemiology of murine typhus, Ann. Rev. Entomol. (1990) 35:553–569 [CrossRef].
  6. Azad A.F., Sacci J.B. Jr., Nelson W.M., Dasch G.A., Schmidtman E.T., Carl M., Genetic characterization and transovarial transmission of a novel typhuslike Rickettsia found in cat fleas, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1992) 89:43–46 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  7. Azad A.F., Radulovic S., Higgins J.A., Noden B.H., Troyer M.J., Flea-borne rickettsioses: some ecological considerations, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (1997) 3:319–328 [PubMed].
  8. Azad A.F., Beard C.B., Interactions of rickettsial pathogens with arthropod vectors, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (1998) 4:179–186 [PubMed].
  9. Brill N.E., An acute infectious disease of unknown origin: A clinical study based on 221 cases, Am. J. Med. Sci. (1910) 139:484–502.
  10. Boostrom A.M., Beier S., Macaluso J.A., Macaluso K.R., Sprenger D., Hayes J., et al., Opossums, cat fleas and rickettsial diseases in Texas, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (2002) 8:543–548 [PubMed].
  11. Bozeman F.M., Masiello S.A., Williams M.S., Elisberg B.L., Epidemic typhus rickettsiae isolated from flying squirrels, Nature (1975) 255:545–547 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  12. Bouyer D.H., Stenos J., Crocquet-Valdes P., Moron C.G., Popov V.L., Zavala-Velazquez J.E., Foil L.D., Stothard D.R., Azad A.F., Walker D.H., Rickettsia felis: the molecular characterization of a new member of the spotted fever group, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. (2001) 51:339–347 [PubMed].
  13. Burgdoerfer W., Anacker R.L., Rickettsiae and rickettsial diseases, Academic Press 1981, pp. 650.
  14. Case J.B., Chomel B., Nicholson W., Foley J.E., Serological survey of vector-borne zoonotic pathogens in pet cat and cats from animal shelters and feral colonies, J. Feline Med. Surg. (2005) 8:111–117 [CrossRef].
  15. Cho N.-H., Kim H.R., Lee J.H., Kim S.Y., Kim J., Cha S., et al., The Orientia tsutsugamushi, genome reveals massive proliferation of conjugative type IV secretion system and host-cell interaction genes, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2007) 104:7981–7986 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  16. Duma R.J., Sonenshine D.E., Bozeman F.M., Veazey J.M. Jr., Elisberg B.L., Chadwick D.P., et al., Epidemic typhus in the United States associated with flying squirrels, JAMA (1981) 245:2318–2323 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  17. Dumler J.S., Taylor J.P., Walker D.H., Clinical and laboratory features of murine typhus in South Texas, 1980 through 1987, JAMA (1991) 266:1365–1370 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  18. Fuxelius H.-H., Darby A.C., Cho N.-H., Andersson S.G.E., Visualization of pseudogenes in intracellular bacteria reveals the different tracks to gene destruction, Genome Biol. (2008) 9:R42 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  19. Gillespie J.J., Beier M.S., Rahman M.S., Ammerman N.C., Shallom J.M., Purkayastha A., et al., Horizontal inheritance of plasmid genes in Rickettsia felis, PLoS One (2007) 2: e266.
  20. Gillespie J.J., Williams K., Shukla M., Snyder E.E., Nordberg E.K., Ceraul S.M., et al., Rickettsia phylogenomics: unwinding the intricacies of obligate intracellular life, PLoS One (2008) 3:e2018.
  21. Gouin E., Egile C., Dehoux P., Villiers V., Adams J., Gertler F., et al., The RickA protein of Rickettsia conorii activates the Arp2/3 complex, Nature (2004) 427:457–461 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  22. Higgins J.A., Sacci J.P. Jr., Schriefer M.E., Endris R.G., Azad A.F., Molecular identification of rickettsialike microorganisms associated with colonized cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis), Insect Mol. Biol. (1994) 3:27–33 [PubMed].
  23. Higgins J.A., Radulovic S., Schriefer M.E., Azad A.F., Rickettsia felis: a new species of pathogenic rickettsia isolated from cat fleas, J. Clin. Microbiol. (1996) 34:671–674 [PubMed].
  24. Horta M.C., Lubruna M.B., Durigon E.L., Schumaker T.T.S., Isolation of Rickettsia felis in mosquito cell line C6/36, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2006) 72:1705–1707 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  25. Jeng R.L., Goley E.D., D'Alessio J.A., Chaga O.Y., Svitkina M., Borisy G.G., et al., A Rickettsia WASP-like protein activates the Arp2/3 complex and mediates actin-based motility, Cell. Microbiol. (2004) 6:761–769 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  26. Macaluso K.R., Pornwiroon W., Popov V.L., Foil L.D., Identification of Rickettsia felis in the salivary glands of cat fleas, Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. (2008) 8:391–396 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  27. McDade J.E., Shepard C.C., Redus M.A., Newhouse V.F., Smith J.D., Evidence of Rickettsia prowazekii infections in the United States, Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1980) 29:277–284 [PubMed].
  28. Noden B.H., Radulovic S., Higgins J.A., Azad A.F., Molecular identification of two closely related rickettsial species, Rickettsia typhi and R. felis, in individual cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae), J. Med. Entomol. (1998) 35:410–414 [PubMed].
  29. Ogata H., Renesto P., Audic S., Robert C., Blanc G., Fournier P.-E., et al., The genome sequence of Rickettsia felis identifies the first putative conjugative plasmid in an obligate intracellular parasite, PLoS Biol. (2005) 3:e248.
  30. Parker R.T., Menon P.G., Merideth A.M., Snyder M.J., Woodward T.E., Persistence of Rickettsia rickettsii in a patient recovered from Rocky Mountain spotted fever, J. Immunol. (1954) 73:383–386 [PubMed].
  31. Perine P.L., Chandler B.P., Krause D.K., McCardle P., Awoke S., Habte-Gabr E., Wisseman C.L. Jr., McDade J.E., A clinico-epidemiological study of epidemic typhus in Africa, Clin. Infect. Dis. (1992) 14:1149–1158 [PubMed].
  32. Pérez-Osorio C.E., Zavala-Velázquez J.E., Arias León J.J., Zavala-Castro J.E., Rickettsia felis as emergent global threat for humans, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (2008) 14:1019–1023 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  33. Perlman S.J., Hunter M.S., Zchori-Fein E., The emerging diversity of Rickettsia, Proc. Biol. Sci. (2006) 273:2097–2106 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  34. Pornwiroon W., Pourciau S.S., Foil D.L., Macaluso K.R., Rickettsia felis from cat fleas: isolation and culture in a tick-derived cell line, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2006) 72:5589–5595 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  35. Raoult D., La Scola B., Enea M., Fournier P.E., Roux V., Fenollar F., et al., A flea-associated rickettsia pathogenic for humans, Emerg. Infect. Dis. (2001) 7:73–81 [PubMed].
  36. Robinson D., Leo N., Prociv P., Barker S.C., Potential role of head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, as vector of Rickettsia prowazekii, Parasitol. Res. (2003) 90:209–211 [PubMed].
  37. Schriefer M.E., Sacci J.B. Jr., Higgins J.A., Taylor J.P., Azad A.F., Murine typhus: updated role of multiple urban components and a second typhuslike rickettsiae, J. Med. Entomol. (1994) 31:681–685 [PubMed].
  38. Schriefer M.E., Sacci J.B. Jr., Dumler J.S., Bullen M.G., Azad A.F., Identification of a novel rickettsial infection in a patient diagnosed with murine typhus, J. Clin. Microbiol. (1994) 32:949–954 [PubMed].
  39. Snyder E.E., Kampanya N., Lu J., Nordberg E. K., Karur H.R., et al., PATRIC: the VBI PathoSystems Resource Integration Center, Nucleic Acids Res. (2007) 35:D401–D406 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  40. Stothard D.R., Clark J.B., Fuerst P.A., Ancestral divergence of Rickettsia bellii from the spotted fever and typhus groups of rickettsia and antiquity of the genus Rickettsia, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1994) 44:798–804 [PubMed].
  41. Stothard D.R., Fuerst P.A., Evolutionary analysis of the spotted fever and typhus groups of Rickettsia using 16S rRNA gene sequences, Syst. Appl. Microbiol. (1995) 18:52–61.
  42. Traub R., Wisseman C.L. Jr., Farhang-Azad A., The ecology of murine typhus – a critical review, Trop. Dis. Bull. (1978) 75:237–317 [PubMed].
  43. Walker D.H., Ismail N., Emerging and reemerging rickettsioses: endothelial cell infection and early disease events, Nat. Rev. Microbiol. (2008) 6:375–386 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  44. Wolbach S.B., Todd J.L., Palfrey F.W., Pathology of typhus in man, In: The etiology and pathology of typhus, League of Red Cross Societies at the Harvard University Press Cambridge, 1922, pp. 152–221.
  45. Yu X.-J., Walker D.H., The Order Rickettsiales, In: Dworkin M., Falkow S., Rosenberg E., Schleifer K.-H., Stackebrandt E. (Eds.), The Prokaryotes, Springer, 3rd ed., 2006, pp. 493–528.
  46. Zavala-Velazquez J.E., Ruiz-Sosa J.A., Sanchez-Elias R.A., Becerra-Carmona G., Walker D.H., Rickettsia felis rickettsiosis in Yucatan, Lancet (2000) 356:1079–1080 [CrossRef] [PubMed].