Open Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 37, Number 3, May-June 2006
Mucosal immunology in domestic animals
Page(s) 339 - 358
Published online 09 March 2006
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2006) 339-358
References of Vet. Res. 37 (2006) 339-358
  1. Al Daccak R., Mooney N., Charron D., MHC Class II signaling in antigen presenting cells, Curr. Opin. Immunol. 16 (2004) 108-113 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  2. Alvarez B., Sanchez C., Bullido R., Marina A., Lunney J., Alonso F., Ezquerra A., Dominguez J., A porcine cell surface receptor identified by monoclonal antibodies to SWC3 is a member of the signal regulatory protein family and associates with protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1, Tissue Antigens 55 (2000) 342-351 [PubMed].
  3. Artursson K., Lindersson M., Varela N., Scheynius A., Alm G.V., Interferon-$\alpha$ production and tissue localization of interferon-$\alpha$/$\beta$ producing cells after intradermal administration of Aujeszkys-Disease Virus-infected cells in pigs, Scand. J. Immunol. 41 (1995) 121-129 [PubMed].
  4. Asselin-Paturel C., Boonstra A., Dalod M., Durand I., Yessaad N., Dezutter-Dambuyant C., Vicari A., O'Garra A., Biron C., Briere F., Trinchieri G., Mouse type I IFN-producing cells are immature APCs with plasmacytoid morphology, Nat. Immunol. 2 (2001) 1144-1150 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  5. Bailey M., Plunkett F., Clarke A., Sturgess D., Haverson K., Stokes C., Activation of T Cells from the intestinal lamina propria of the pig, Scand. J. Immunol. 48 (1998) 177-182 [PubMed].
  6. Bailey M., Plunkett F.J., Rothkoetter H.J., Vega-Lopez M.A., Haverson K., Stokes C.R., Regulation of mucosal immune responses in effector sites, Proc. Nutr. Soc. 60 (2001) 427-435 [PubMed].
  7. Baudoux P., Carrat C., Besnardeau L., Charley B., Laude H., Coronavirus pseudoparticles formed with recombinant M and E proteins induce $\alpha$ interferon synthesis by leukocytes, J. Virol. 72 (1998) 8636-8643 [PubMed].
  8. Bilsborough J., George T.C., Norment A., Viney J.L., Mucosal CD8 $\alpha$ (+) DC, with a plasmacytoid phenotype, induce differentiation and support function of T cells with regulatory properties, Immunology 108 (2003) 481-492 [PubMed].
  9. Bimczok D., Rothkötter H.J., Lymphocyte migration studies, Vet. Res. 37 (2006) 225-338 [CrossRef].
  10. Bimczok D., Sowa E., Faber-Zuschratter H., Pabst R., Rothkoetter H.J., Site-specific expression of CD11b and SIRP$\alpha$ (CD172a) on dendritic cells: implications for their migration patterns in the gut immune system, Eur. J. Immunol. 35 (2005) 1418-1427 [PubMed].
  11. Bjerke K., Halstensen T.S., Jahnsen F., Pulford K., Brandtzaeg P., Distribution of macrophages and granulocytes expressing L1 protein (Calprotectin) in human Peyers-Patches compared with normal ileal lamina propria and mesenteric lymph-nodes, Gut 34 (1993) 1357-1363 [PubMed].
  12. Brackenbury L.S., Carr B.V., Stamataki Z., Prentice H., Lefevre E.A., Howard C.J., Charleston B., Identification of a cell population that produces $\alpha$/$\beta$ interferon in vitro and in vivo in response to non-cytopathic bovine viral diarrhoea virus, J. Virol. 79 (2005) 7738-7744 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  13. Butterworth J.L., English R.V., Jordan H.L., Tompkins M.B., Distribution of immune cells in the female reproductive tract in uninfected and FIV infected cats, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 83 (2001) 37-51 [PubMed].
  14. Chamorro S., Revilla C., Gomez N., Alvarez B., Alonso F., Ezquerra A., Dominguez J., In vitro differentiation of porcine blood CD163(-) and CD163(+) monocytes into functional dendritic cells, Immunobiology 209 (2004) 57-65 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  15. Charleston B., Brackenbury L.S., Carr B.V., Fray M.D., Hope J.C., Howard C.J., Morrison W.I., $\alpha$/$\beta$ and Gamma interferons are induced by infection with noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus in vivo, J. Virol. 76 (2002) 923-927 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  16. Charley B., Laude H., Induction of $\alpha$-interferon by transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus: role of transmembrane glycoprotein-E1, J. Virol. 62 (1988) 8-11 [PubMed].
  17. Charley B., Lavenant L., Characterization of blood mononuclear-cells producing Ifn-$\alpha$ following induction by coronavirus-infected cells (porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus), Res. Immunol. 141 (1990) 141-151 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  18. Charley B., Lavenant L., Delmas B., Glycosylation is required for coronavirus Tgev to induce an efficient production of Ifn-$\alpha$ by blood mononuclear-cells, Scand. J. Immunol. 33 (1991) 435-440 [PubMed].
  19. Coates P.T.H., Barratt-Boyes S.M., Zhang L.Y., Donnenberg V.S., O'Connell P.J., Logar A.J., Duncan F.J., Murphey-Corb M., Donnenberg A.D., Morelli A.E., Maliszewski C.R., Thomson A.W., Dendritic cell subsets in blood and lymphoid tissue of rhesus monkeys and their mobilization with Flt3 ligand, Blood 102 (2003) 2513-2521 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  20. Coughlan S.N., Harkiss G.D., Dickson L., Hopkins J., Fc Gamma receptor expression on sheep afferent lymph dendritic cells and rapid modulation of cell surface phenotype following Fc Gamma receptor engagement in vitro and in vivo, Scand. J. Immunol. 43 (1996) 31-38 [PubMed].
  21. Dalod M., Hamilton T., Salomon R., Salazar-Mather T.P., Henry S.C., Hamilton J.D., Biron C.A., Dendritic cell responses to early murine cytomegalovirus infection: subset functional specialization and differential regulation by interferon $\alpha$/$\beta$, J. Exp. Med. 197 (2003) 885-898 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  22. De Heer H.J., Hammad H., Soullie T., Hijdra D., Vos N., Willart M.A.M., Hoogsteden H.C., Lambrecht B.N., Essential role of lung plasmacytoid dendritic cells in preventing asthmatic reactions to harmless inhaled antigen, J. Exp. Med. 200 (2004) 89-98 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  23. Demedts I.K., Brusselle G.G., Vermaelen K.Y., Pauwels R.A., Identification and characterization of human pulmonary dendritic cells, Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 32 (2005) 177-184 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  24. Dominguez J., Alvarez B., Alonso F., Thacker E., Haverson K., McCullough K., Summerfield A., Ezquerra A., Workshop studies on monoclonal antibodies in the myeloid panel with CD11 specificity, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 80 (2001) 111-119 [PubMed].
  25. Epardaud M., Bonneau M., Payot F., Cordier C., Megret J., Howard C., Schwartz-Cornil I., Enrichment for a CD26(Hi) SIRP- subset in lymph dendritic cells from the upper aero-digestive tract, J. Leukoc. Biol. 76 (2004) 553-561 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  26. Fitzgerald-Bocarsly P., Human natural interferon-a producing cells, Pharmac. Ther. 60 (1993) 39-62.
  27. Gebert A., The role of M cells in the protection of mucosal membranes, Histochem. Cell Biol. 108 (1997) 455-470 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  28. German A.J., Bland P.W., Hall E.J., Day M.J., Expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens in the canine intestine, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 61 (1998) 171-180 [PubMed].
  29. German A.J., Hall E.J., Kelly D.F., Watson A.D.J., Day M.J., An immunohistochemical study of histiocytic ulcerative colitis in boxer dogs, J. Comp. Pathol. 122 (2000) 163-175 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  30. German A.J., Hall E.J., Day M.J., Immune cell populations within the duodenal mucosa of dogs with enteropathies, J. Vet. Intern. Med. 15 (2001) 14-25 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  31. Gliddon D.R., Howard C.J., CD26 is expressed on a restricted subpopulation of dendritic cells in vivo, Eur. J. Immunol. 32 (2002) 1472-1481 [PubMed].
  32. Gliddon D.R., Hope J.C., Brooke G.P., Howard C.J., DEC-205 expression on migrating dendritic cells in afferent lymph, Immunology 111 (2004) 262-272 [PubMed].
  33. Gobl A.E., Funa K., Alm G.V., Different induction-patterns of messenger-RNA for Ifn-$\alpha$ and Ifn-$\beta$ in human mononuclear leukocytes after in vitro stimulation with herpes-simplex virus-infected fibroblasts and Sendai virus, J. Immunol. 140 (1988) 3605-3609 [PubMed].
  34. Gorti G.K., Birchall M.A., Haverson K., Macchiarini P., Bailey M., A preclinical model for laryngeal transplantation: anatomy and mucosal immunology of the porcine larynx, Transplantation 68 (1999) 1638-1642 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  35. Gunn M.D., Chemokine mediated control of dendritic cell migration and function, Semin. Immunol. 15 (2003) 271-276 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  36. Guzylack-Piriou L., Balmelli C., McCullough K., Summerfield A., Type-A CpG oligonucleotides activate exclusively porcine natural interferon-producing cells to secrete interferon-, tumour necrosis factor- and interleukin-12, Immunology 112 (2004) 28-37 [PubMed].
  37. Harley R., Gruffydd-Jones T.J., Day M.J., Characterization of immune cell populations in oral mucosal tissue of healthy adult cats, J. Comp. Pathol. 128 (2003) 146-155 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  38. Haverson K., Bailey M., Higgins V.R., Bland P.W., Stokes C.R., Characterization of monoclonal-antibodies specific for monocytes, macrophages and granulocytes from porcine peripheral-blood and mucosal tissues, J. Immunol. Methods 170 (1994) 233-245 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  39. Haverson K., Stokes C.R., Bailey M., Immunological structure and antigen-presenting cells in the intestinal lamina propria, Period. Biol. 99 (1997) 335-341.
  40. Haverson K., Zuckermann F., Saalmuller A., Lipp J., Aasted B., Stokes C.R., Summary of workshop findings for porcine adhesion molecule subgroup, Vet. Immunol. Immuno-pathol. 60 (1998) 351-365.
  41. Haverson K., Stokes C.R., Bailey M., T Cell populations in the pig intestinal lamina propria - memory cells with unusual phenotypic characteristics, Immunology 96 (1999) 66-73 [PubMed].
  42. Haverson K., Singha S., Stokes C.R., Bailey M., Professional and non-professional antigen-presenting cells in the porcine small intestine, Immunology 101 (2000) 492-500 [PubMed].
  43. Haverson K., Sinkora J., Stokes C., Bailey M., The effect of commensal bacteria on the immune development of the porcine jejunal lamina propria, Mucosal Immunology Update 10 (2002) 2916.
  44. Haverson K., Sinkora J., Rehakova Z., Stokes C., Sver L., Bailey M., Leucocyte migration into jejunum in response to association with selected commensal gut bacteria of germfree piglets, Proceedings IVth meeting of the European Mucosal Immunology Group (EMIG), 2004, p. 101.
  45. Hein W.R., Barber T., Cole S.A., Morrison L., Pernthaner A., Long-term collection and characterization of afferent lymph from the ovine small intestine, J. Immunol. Methods 293 (2004) 153-168 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  46. Hochrein H., Wagner H., Of men, mice and pigs: looking at their plasmacytoid dendritic cells, Immunology 112 (2004) 26-27 [PubMed].
  47. Hochrein H., Schlatter B., O'Keeffe M., Wagner C., Schmitz F., Schiemann M., Bauer S., Suter M., Wagner H., Herpes simplex virus type-1 induces IFN-$\alpha$ production via toll-like receptor 9-dependent and -independent pathways, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101 (2004) 11416-11421 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  48. Hope J.C., Sopp P., Collins R.A., Howard C.J., Differences in the induction of CD8(+) T cell responses by subpopulations of dendritic cells from afferent lymph are related to IL-1 $\alpha$ Secretion, J. Leukoc. Biol. 69 (2001) 271-279 [PubMed].
  49. Huang F.P., Platt N., Wykes M., Major J.R., Powell T.J., Jenkins C.D., MacPherson G.G., A discrete subpopulation of dendritic cells transports apoptotic intestinal epithelial cells to T cell areas of mesenteric lymph nodes, J. Exp. Med. 191 (2000) 435-443 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  50. Hubert F.X., Voisine U., Louvet U., Heslan M., Josien W., Rat plasmacytoid dendritic cells are an abundant subset of MHC Class II+ CD4+CD11b(-)OX62(-) and type I IFN-producing cells that exhibit selective expression of Toll-Like receptors 7 and 9 and strong responsiveness to CpG, J. Immunol. 172 (2004) 7485-7494 [PubMed].
  51. Inman C., Jones P., Harris C., Haverson K., Stokes C., Bailey M., The mucosal immune system of the neonatal piglet, Pig J. 55 (2005) 211-222.
  52. Inman C., Rees L.E., Barker E., Haverson K., Stokes C.R., Bailey M., Validation of computer-assisted, pixel-based analysis of multiple-colour immunofluorescence histology, J. Immunol. Methods 302 (2005) 156-167 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  53. Iwasaki A., Kelsall B.L., Unique functions of CD11b(+), CD8 $\alpha$(+), and double-negative Peyer's Patch dendritic cells, J. Immunol. 166 (2001) 4884-4890 [PubMed].
  54. Jahnsen F.L., Lund-Johansen F., Dunne J.F., Farkas L., Haye R., Brandtzaeg P., Experimentally induced recruitment of plasmacytoid (CD123(High)) dendritic cells in human nasal allergy, J. Immunol. 165 (2000) 4062-4068 [PubMed].
  55. Kambarage D., Bland P., Stokes C., The accessory cell-activity of porcine intestinal macrophages in the induction of T-cell responses, J. Vet. Med. Sci. 56 (1994) 1135-1138 [PubMed].
  56. Kambarage D.M., Bland P.W., Stokes C.R., Brown P., Skuse A.M., Ultrastructural, histochemical and immunohistochemical features of porcine intestinal lamina propria macrophages, peripheral-blood monocytes and splenic adherent cells, J. Comp. Pathol. 112 (1995) 63-77 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  57. Kelsall B.L., Strober W., Distinct populations of dendritic cells are present in the subepithelial dome and T-Cell regions of the murine Peyers Patch, J. Exp. Med. 183 (1996) 237-247 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  58. Krug A., Towarowski A., Britsch S., Rothenfusser S., Hornung V., Bals R., Giese T., Engelmann H., Endres S., Krieg A.M., Hartmann G., Toll-like receptor expression reveals CpG DNA as a unique microbial stimulus for plasmacytoid dendritic cells which synergizes with CD40 ligand to induce high amounts of IL-12, Eur. J. Immunol. 31 (2001) 3026-3037 [PubMed].
  59. La Bonnardiere C., Laude H., High interferon titer in newborn pig intestine during experimentally induced viral enteritis, Infect. Immun. 32 (1981) 28-31 [PubMed].
  60. Liu L.M., MacPherson G.G., Lymph-borne (veiled) dendritic cells can acquire and present intestinally administered antigens, Immunology 73 (1991) 281-286 [PubMed].
  61. Liu L.M., MacPherson G.G., Rat intestinal dendritic cells - immunostimulatory potency and phenotypic characterization, Immunology 85 (1995) 88-93 [PubMed].
  62. Liu L.M., Zhang M.H., Jenkins C., MacPherson G.G., Dendritic cell heterogeneity in vivo, J. Immunol. 161 (1998) 1146-1155 [PubMed].
  63. Liu Y.-J., Type 1 interferon-producing cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cell precursors, Annu. Rev. Immunol. 23 (2005) 275-308 [PubMed].
  64. Loving M., Magnusson U., Sows intramammarily inoculated with Escherichia Coli at parturition. II. Effects on the densities of MHC Class II+, CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells in the mammary gland, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 90 (2002) 45-54 [PubMed].
  65. MacPherson A.J., Geuking M.B., McCoy K.D., Immune responses that adapt the intestinal mucosa to commensal intestinal bacteria, Immunology 115 (2005) 153-162 [PubMed].
  66. MacPherson G.G., Liu L.M., Kushnir N., Lymph-borne dendritic cells and antigen presentation in-vivo, J. Cell. Biochem. S21A (1995) 3.
  67. MacPherson G.G., Huang F.P., Platt N., Liu L.M., Jenkins C.D., Major J., Powell T., Wykes M., A discrete sub-population of dendritic cells constitutively transports apoptotic epithelial cells from the intestine to T cell areas of mesenteric nodes, J. Leukoc. Biol. Suppl. 2 (1998) D4.
  68. Makala L.H.C., Haverson K., Stokes C.R., Bailey M., Bland P.W., Isolation and characterisation of pig Peyer's patch dendritic cells, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 61 (1998) 67-81 [PubMed].
  69. Makala L.H.C., Kamada T., Nagasawa H., Igarashi I., Fujisaki K., Suzuki N., Mikami T., Haverson K., Bailey M., Stokes C.R., Bland P.W., Ontogeny of pig discrete Peyer's patches: expression of surface antigens, J. Vet. Med. Sci. 63 (2001) 625-636 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  70. Male D., Cooke A., Owen M., Trowsdale J., Champion B., Antigen processing and presentation, Advanced Immunology, 3rd ed., Mosby, London, 1996, 7.15.
  71. Male D., Cooke A., Owen M., Trowsdale J., Champion B., Leukocytes and leukocyte development, Advanced Immunology, 3rd ed., Mosby, London, 1996, 6.5.
  72. Manickasingham S.R., Edwards A.D., Schulz O., Sousa C.R.E., The ability of murine dendritic cell subsets to direct T helper cell differentiation is dependent on microbial signals, Eur. J. Immunol. 33 (2003) 101-107 [PubMed].
  73. Mast J., Goddeeris B.M., Peeters K., Vandesande F., Berghman L.R., Characterisation of chicken monocytes, macrophages and interdigitating cells by the monoclonal antibody KUL01, Vet. Immunol. Immuno-pathol. 61 (1998) 343-357.
  74. Mayrhofer G., Pugh C.W., Barclay A.N., The distribution, ontogeny and origin in the rat of Ia-positive cells with dendritic morphology and of Ia-antigen in epithelia, with special reference to the intestine, Eur. J. Immunol. 13 (1983) 112-122 [PubMed].
  75. Mellman I., Steinman R.M., Dendritic cells: specialized and regulated antigen processing machines, Cell 106 (2001) 255-258 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  76. Mowat A.M., Dendritic cells and immune responses to orally administered antigens, Vaccine 23 (2005) 1797-1799 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  77. Perez-Torres A., Ustarroz-Cano M., Millan-Aldaco D., Langerhans cell-like dendritic cells in the cornea, tongue and oesophagus of the chicken (Gallus gallus), Histochem. J. 34 (2002) 507-515 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  78. Pernthaner A., Cole S.A., Gatehouse T., Hein W.R., Phenotypic diversity of antigen-presenting cells in ovine- afferent intestinal lymph, Arch. Med. Res. 33 (2002) 405-412 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  79. Regnault A., Lankar D., Lacabanne V., Rodriguez A., Thery C., Rescigno M., Saito T., Verbeek S., Bonnerot C., Ricciardi Castagnoli P., Fc Gamma receptor-mediated induction of dendritic cell maturation and major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted antigen presentation after immune complex internalization, J. Exp. Med. 189 (1999) 371-380 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  80. Rescigno M., Urbano M., Valzasina B., Francolini M., Rotta G., Bonasio R., Granucci F., Kraehenbuhl J.P., Ricciardi-Castagnoli P., Dendritic cells express tight junction proteins and penetrate gut epithelial monolayers to sample bacteria, Nat. Immunol. 2 (2001) 361-367 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  81. Riffault S., Carrat C., Besnardeau L., Labonnardiere C., Charley B., In vivo induction of interferon-$\alpha$ in pig by non-infectious Coronavirus: tissue localization and in situ phenotypic characterization of interferon-$\alpha$-producing cells, J. Gen. Virol. 78 (1997) 2483-2487 [PubMed].
  82. Riffault S., Grosclaude J., Vayssier M., Laude H., Charley B., Reconstituted Coronavirus TGEV virosomes lose the virus ability to induce porcine interferon-$\alpha$ production, Vet. Res. 28 (1997) 105-114 [PubMed].
  83. Riffault S., Carrat C., Van Reeth K., Pensaert M., Charley B., Interferon-$\alpha$-producing cells are localized in gut- associated lymphoid tissues in transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) infected piglets, Vet. Res. 32 (2001) 71-79 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [EDP Sciences].
  84. Ronnblom L., Ramstedt U., Alm G.V., Properties of human natural interferon-producing cells stimulated by tumor-cell lines, Eur. J. Immunol. 13 (1983) 471-476 [PubMed].
  85. Rothkoetter H.J., Pabst R., Lymphocyte subsets in jejunal and Ileal Peyer's patches in normal and gnotobiotic minipigs, Immunology 67 (1989) 103-108 [PubMed].
  86. Rothkoetter H.J., Huber T., Barman N.N., Pabst R., Lymphoid-cells in afferent and efferent intestinal lymph-lymphocyte subpopulations and cell-migration, Clin. Exp. Immunol. 92 (1993) 317-322 [PubMed].
  87. Rothkoetter H.J., Pabst R., Bailey M., Lymphocyte migration in the intestinal mucosa, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 72 (1999) 157-165 [PubMed].
  88. Ruedl C., Hubele S., Maturation of Peyer's patch dendritic cells in vitro upon stimulation via cytokines or CD40 triggering, Eur. J. Immunol. 27 (1997) 1325-1330 [PubMed].
  89. Ruedl C., Rieser C., Böck G., Wick G., Wolf H., Phenotypic and functional characterization of CD11+ dendritic cell population in mouse Peyer's patches, Eur. J. Immunol. 26 (1996) 1801-1806 [PubMed].
  90. Siegal F.P., Kadowaki N., Shodell M., Fitzgerald-Bocarsly P.A., Shah K., Ho S., Antonenko S., Liu Y.J., The nature of the principal type 1 interferon-producing cells in human blood, Science 284 (1999) 1835-1837 [CrossRef].
  91. Singha S., Antigen presentation in the small intestine of the pig, Ph.D. thesis, University of Bristol, 2002, pp. 126-131.
  92. Smith P.D., Smythies L.E., Mosteller- Barnum M., Sibley D.A., Russell M.W., Merger M., Sellers M.T., Orenstein J.M., Shimada T., Graham M.F., Kubagawa H., Intestinal macrophages lack CD14 and CD89 and consequently are down-regulated for LPS- and IgA-mediated activities, J. Immunol. 16 (2001) 2651-2656.
  93. Smythies L.E., Sellers M., Graham M., Smith P.D., Resident intestinal macrophages are highly phagocytic but do not produce inflammatory cytokines, Gastroenterol. 118 (2000) 6233.
  94. Smythies L.E., Sellers M., Clements R.H., Mosteller-Barnum M., Meng G., Benjamin W.H., Orenstein J.M., Smith P.D., Human intestinal macrophages display profound inflammatory anergy despite avid phagocytic and bacteriocidal activity, J. Clin. Invest. 115 (2005) 66-75 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  95. Spahn T.W., Weiner H.L., Rennert P.D., Lugering N., Fontana A., Domschke W., Kucharzik T., Mesenteric lymph nodes are critical for the induction of high- dose oral tolerance in the absence of Peyer's patches, Eur. J. Immunol. 32 (2002) 1109-1113 [PubMed].
  96. Splichal I., Bonneau M., Charley B., Ontogeny of interferon-$\alpha$ secreting cells in the porcine fetal hematopoietic organs, Immunol. Lett. 43 (1994) 203-208 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  97. Steinman R.M., Some interfaces of dendritic cell biology, APMIS 111 (2003) 675-697 [PubMed].
  98. Steinman R.M., Hawiger D., Nussenzweig M.C., Tolerogenic dendritic cells, Annu. Rev. Immunol. 21 (2003) 685-711 [PubMed].
  99. Stephens S.A., Brownlie J., Charleston B., Howard C.J., Differences in cytokine synthesis by the sub-populations of dendritic cells from afferent lymph, Immunology 110 (2003) 48-57 [PubMed].
  100. Summerfield A., Guzylack-Piriou L., Schaub A., Carrasco C.P., Tache V., Charley B., McCullough K.C., Porcine peripheral blood dendritic cells and natural interferon-producing cells, Immunology 110 (2003) 440-449 [PubMed].
  101. Summers K.L., Hock B.D., McKenzie J.L., Hart D.N.J., Phenotypic characterization of five dendritic cell subsets in human tonsils, Am. J. Pathol. 159 (2001) 285-295 [PubMed].
  102. Svensson H., Johannisson A., Nikkila T., Alm G.V., Cederblad B., The cell surface phenotype of human natural interferon-$\alpha$ producing cells as determined by flow cytometry, Scand. J. Immunol. 44 (1996) 164-172 [PubMed].
  103. Terry L.A., Marsh S., Ryder S.J., Hawkins S.A.C., Wells G.A.H., Spencer Y.I., Detection of disease-specific PrP in the distal ileum of cattle exposed orally to the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Vet. Rec. 152 (2003) 387-392 [PubMed].
  104. Vega-Lopez M.A., Telemo E., Bailey M., Stevens K., Stokes C.R., Immune cell distribution in the small-intestine of the pig - immunohistological evidence for an organized compartmentalization in the lamina propria, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 37 (1993) 49-60 [PubMed].
  105. Waly N.E., Stokes C.R., Gruffydd-Jones T.J., Day M.J., Immune cell populations in the duodenal mucosa of cats with inflammatory bowel disease, J. Vet. Intern. Med. 18 (2004) 816-825 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  106. Williams A.M., Bland P., Phillips A.C., Probert C.S.J., Intestinal T cell recruitment and MadCAM expression are influenced by intestinal flora, Proceedings IVth meeting of the European Mucosal Immunology Group (EMIG), 2004, p. 107.
  107. Zentek J., Hall E.J., German A., Haverson K., Bailey M., Rolfe V., Butterwick R., Day M.J., Morphology and immunopathology of the small and large intestine in dogs with nonspecific dietary sensitivity, J. Nutr. 132 (2002) 1652S-1654S [PubMed].
  108. Zou G.M., Tam Y.K., Cytokines in the generation and maturation of dendritic cells: recent advances, Eur. Cytokine Netw. 13 (2002) 186-199 [PubMed].