Free Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 34, Number 5, September-October 2003
Mastitis of dairy ruminants
Page(s) 629 - 645
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2003) 629-645
  1. Auldist M.J., Coats S., Sutherlands B.J., Mayes J.J., McDowell G.H., Rogers G.L., Effects of somatic cell count and stage of lactation on raw milk composition and the yield and quality of Cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Res. 63 (1996) 269-280 [PubMed].
  2. Auldist M.J., Coats S., Sutherlands B.J., Hardham J.F., McDowell G.H., Rogers G.L., Effects of somatic cell count and stage of lactation on the quality and storage life of ultra high temperature milk, J. Dairy Res. 63 (1996) 377-386 [PubMed].
  3. Auldist M.J., Coats S., Sutherlands B.J., Clarke P.T., McDowell G.H., Rogers G.L., Effects of somatic cell count and stage of lactation on the quality of full cream milk powder, Austr. Dairy Technol. 51 (1996) 94-98.
  4. Baldi A., Savoini G., Cheli F., Fantuz F., Senatore E., Bertocchi L., Politis I., Changes in plasmin-plasminogen-plasminogen activator system in milk from italian friesan herds, Int. Dairy J. 6 (1996) 1045-1053 [CrossRef].
  5. Bank U., Ansorge S., More than destructive: neutrophil-derived serine proteases in cytokine bioactivity control, J. Leukocyte Biol. 69 (2001) 197-206.
  6. Barbano D.M., Practical guide for control of cheese yield, International Dairy Federation, Brussels, 2000, pp. 19-27.
  7. Barbano D.M., Rasmussen R.R., Lynch J.M., Influence of milk somatic cell count and milk age on cheese yield, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 369-388.
  8. Barrett F.M., Kelly A.L., McSweeney P.L.H., Fox P.F., Use of exogenous urokinase to accelerate proteolysis in cheddar cheese during ripening, Int. Dairy J. 9 (1999) 421-427 [CrossRef].
  9. Bastian E.D., Lo C.G., David K.M.N., Plasminogen activation in cheese milk: influence on Swiss cheese ripening, J. Dairy Sci. 80 (1997) 245-251.
  10. Bayles K.W., Wesson C.A., Liou L.E., Fox L.K., Bohach G.A., Trumble W.R., Intracellular Staphylococcus aureus escapes the endosome and induces apoptosis in epithelial cells, Infect. Immun. 66 (1998) 336-342 [PubMed].
  11. Bonnefoy A., Legrand C., Proteolysis of subendothelial adhesive glycoproteins (fibronectin, thrombospondin, and von Willerbrand factor) by plasmin, leukocyte cathepsin G, and elastase, Thromb. Res. 98 (2000) 323-332 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  12. Borregaard N., Lollik E.K., Kjeldsen L., Sengeløv H., Bastholm L., Nielsen M.H., Bainton D.F., Human neutrophil granules and secretory vesicles, Eur. J. Haematol. 51 (1993) 187-198 [PubMed].
  13. Bruckmaier R.M., Schallibaum M., Blum J.W., Escherichia coli endotoxin induced mastitis in dairy cows: changes and importance of insulin-like growth factor and ocytocin, Milchwissenschaft 48 (1993) 374-378.
  14. Cigic B., Pain R.H., Location of the binding site for chloride ion activation of cathepsin C, Eur. J. Biochem. 264 (1999) 944-951 [PubMed].
  15. Conney S., Tiernan D., Joyce P., Kelly A.L., Effect of somatic cell count and poymorphonuclear leukocyte content of milk on composition and proteolysis during ripening of Swiss-type cheese, J. Dairy Res. 67 (2000) 301-307 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  16. Considine T., Healyn A., Kelly A.L., McSweeney P.L.H., Proteolytic specificity of elastase on bovine $\beta$-CN, Food Chem. 66 (1999) 463-470 [CrossRef].
  17. Considine T., Healyn A., Kelly A.L., McSweeney P.L.H., Proteolytic specificity of elastase on bovine $\alpha_{\rm s1}$-CN, Food Chem. 69 (2000) 19-26 [CrossRef].
  18. Considine T., Geary S., Kelly A.L., McSweeney P.L.H., Proteolytic specificity of cathepsin G on bovine $\alpha_{\rm s1}$- and $\beta$-caseins, Food Chem. 76 (2002) 59-67 [CrossRef].
  19. Coulon J.B., Gasqui P., Barnouin J., Ollier A., Pradel P., Pomiès D., Effect of mastitis and related-germ on milk yield and composition during naturally-occuring udder infections in dairy cows, Anim. Res. 51 (2002) 383-393 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  20. Danø K., Andreasen J., Grondhal-Hansen J., Kristensen P., Nielsen L.S., Skriver L., Plasminogen activators, tissue degradation, and cancer, in: Klein G., Weinhouse S. (Eds.), Advances in cancer research, Vol. 44, Academic Press, inc., New York, London, 1985, pp. 140-239.
  21. Deluyker H.A., Milk yield fluctuations associated with mastitis, Flemish Vet. J. 62 (Suppl. 1) (1991) 207-214.
  22. Eigel W.N., Effect of bovine plasmin on $\alpha_{\rm s1}$-, $\beta$- and $\kappa$-caseins, J. Dairy Sci. 60 (1977) 1399-1407 [PubMed].
  23. Fox L.K., Heald C.W., Gwazdauskas F.C., Vinson W.E., Concentrations of glucocorticoids, bovine serum albumin, and somatic cells in milk, J. Dairy Sci. 64 (1981) 2258-2261 [PubMed].
  24. Gilles A.M., Keil B., Cleavage of $\beta$-CN by collagenases from Achromobacter iophagus and Clostridium histolyticum, FEBS Lett. 65 (1976) 369-372 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  25. Gilmore J.A., White J.H., Zavizion B., Politis I., Effects of stage of lactation and somatic cell count on plasminogen activator activity in bovine milk, J. Dairy Sci. (1995) 141-145.
  26. Grufferty M.B., Fox P.F., Milk alcaline proteinase, J. Dairy Res. 55 (1988) 609-630 [PubMed].
  27. Guidry A.J., Ost M., Mather I.H., Shainline W.E., Weinland B.T., Sequential response of milk leukocytes, albumin, immunoglobulins, monovalent ions, citrate and lactose in cows given infusions of Escherichia coli endotoxin into the mammary gland, Am. J. Vet. Res. 44 (1983) 2262-2267 [PubMed].
  28. Hamann J., Krömker V., Potential of specific milk composition variables for cow health management, Livest. Prod. Sci. 48 (1997) 201-208 [CrossRef].
  29. Hurley M.J., Larsen L.B., Kelly A.L., McSweney P.L.H., The milk acid proteinase cathepsin D: a review, Int. Dairy. J. 10 (2000) 673-681 [CrossRef].
  30. Hurley M.J., Larsen L.B., Kelly A.L., McSweney P.L.H., Cathepsin D activity in quarg, Int. Dairy. J. 10 (2000) 453-458 [CrossRef].
  31. Jain N.C., Essential of veterinary hematology, Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1993, 417 p.
  32. Kelly A.L., Foley J., Proteolysis and storage stability of UHT milk as influenced by milk plasmin activity, plasmin/$\beta$-lactoglobulin complexation, plasminogen activation and somatic cell count, Int. Dairy J. 7 (1997) 411-420 [CrossRef].
  33. Kelly A.L., Tiernan D., O'Sullivan C., Joyce P., Correlation between bovine milk somatic cell count and polymorphonuclear leukocytes level for samples of bulk milk and milk from individual cows, J. Dairy Sci. 83 (2000) 300-304 [PubMed].
  34. Klei L., Yun J., Sapru A., Lynch J., Barbano D., Sears P., Galton D., Effect of milk somatic cell count on cottage cheese and quality, J. Dairy Sci. 81 (1998) 1205-1213 [PubMed].
  35. Kohlmann K.L., Nielsen S.S., Ladisch M.R., Effects of a low concentration of added plasmin on ultra-high temperature processed milk, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 1151-1156.
  36. Lähteenmäki K., Kuusela P., Korhonen T.K., Bacterial plasminogen activators and receptors, FEMS Mirobiol. Rev. 25 (2001) 531-552.
  37. Larsen L.B., Benfeldt C., Rasmussen L.K., Petersen T.E., Bovine milk procathepsin D and cathepsin D: coagulation and milk protein degradation, J. Dairy Res. 63 (1996) 119-130 [PubMed].
  38. Larsen L.B., Wium H., Benfeldt C., Heegaard C.W., Ardö Y., Qvist K.B., Petersen T.E., Bovine milk procathepsin D: presence and activity in heated milk and extracts of rennet-free UF-Feta cheese, Int. Dairy J. 10 (2000) 67-73 [CrossRef].
  39. Le Bars D., Gripon J.C., Hydrolysis of $\alpha_{\rm s1}$-casein by bovine plasmin, Lait 73 (1993) 337-344 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  40. Le Roux Y., Laurent F., Influence du dénombrement cellulaire sur les aptitudes technologiques de laits de tank, 6$^{\rm e}$ Rencontre Recherche Ruminant, Paris 1, 2 décembre 1999, p. 316.
  41. Le Roux Y., Colin O., Laurent F., Proteolysis in samples of quarter milk with varying somatic cell counts. 1. Comparison of some indicators of endogenous proteolysis in milk, J. Dairy Sci. 78 (1995) 1289-1297 [PubMed].
  42. Leigh J.A., Lincoln R.A., Streptococcus uberis acquires plasmin activity following growth in the presence of bovine plasminogen through the action of its specific plasminogen activator, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 154 (1997) 123-129 [PubMed].
  43. Ma Y., Ryan C., Barbano D.M., Galton D.M., Rudan M.A., Boor K.J., Effects of somatic cell count on quality and shelf-life of pasteurized fluid milk, J. Dairy Sci. 83 (2000) 264-274 [PubMed].
  44. Mattila T., Shandholm M., Antitrypsin and N-acetyl-$\beta$-D-glucosaminidase as markers of mastitis in a herd of Ayshire cows, Am. J. Vet. Res. 46 (1985) 2453-2456 [PubMed].
  45. McSweeney P.L.H., Fox P.F., Proteolysis of bovine caseins by cathepsin D: preliminary observations and comparison with chymosin, Int. Dairy J. 5 (1995) 321-336 [CrossRef].
  46. McSweeney P.L.H., Olson N.F., Fox P.F., Healy A., Højrup P., Proteolytic specificity of plasmin on bovine $\alpha_{\rm s1}$-casein, Food Biotechnol. 7 (1993) 143-158.
  47. Michelutti I., Variations des cellules somatiques et de la composition biochimique du lait en relation avec l'inflammation expérimentale de la glande mammaire, Thèse de doctorat, INPL-ENSAIA, Nancy, France, 1998, 152 p.
  48. Michelutti I., Le Roux Y., Rainard P., Poutrel B., Laurent F., Sequential changes in milk protein composition after experimental Escherichia coli mastitis, Lait 79 (1999) 535-549 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  49. Moir E., Booth N.A., Bennett B., Robbie L.A., Polymorphonuclear leukocytes mediate endogenous thrombus lysis via a u-PA-dependent mechanism, Br. J. Haematol. 113 (2001) 72-80 [PubMed].
  50. Moussaoui F., Michelutti I., Le Roux Y., Laurent F., Mechanisms involved in milk endogenous proteolysis induced by a lipopolysaccharide experimental mastitis, J. Dairy Sci. 85 (2002) 2562-2570 [PubMed].
  51. Munro G.L., Grieve P.A., Kitchen B.J., Effect of mastitis on milk yield, milk composition, processing properties and yield and quality of milk products, Austr. J. Dairy Techn. 39 (1984) 7-16.
  52. Nickerson S.C., Pankey J.W., Neutrophils migration through teat and tissues of bovine mammary quarters experimentally challenged with Staphylococcus aureus, J. Dairy Sci. 67 (1984) 826-834 [PubMed].
  53. Opdenakker G., Van den Steen P.E., Van Damme J., Gelatinase B: a tuner and amplifier of immune functions, Trends Immunol. 22 (2001) 571-579 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  54. Owen C.A., Campbell E.J., The cell biology of leukocyte-mediated proteolysis, J. Leukocyte Biol. 65 (1999) 137-150.
  55. Paape M., Guidry A.J., Effect of fat and casein in intracellular killing of Staphylococcus aureus by milk leukocytes, Proceeding of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medecine 155 (1977) 588-593.
  56. Politis I., Plasminogen activator system: implications for mammary cell growth and involution, J. Dairy Sci. 79 (1996) 1097-1107 [PubMed].
  57. Politis I., Zhao X., Mcbride B.W., Burton J.H., Turner J.D., Plasminogen activator production by bovine milk macrophages and blood monocytes, Am. J. Vet. Res. 52 (1991) 1208-1213 [PubMed].
  58. Politis I., Zavizion B., Barbano D.M., Gorewit R.C., Enzymatic assay for the combined determination of plasmin plus plasminogen in milk: revisited, J. Dairy Sci. 76 (1993) 1260-1267 [PubMed].
  59. Precetti A.S., Oria M.P., Nielsen S.S., Presence in bovin milk of two protease inhibitors of the plasmin system, J. Dairy Sci. 80 (1997) 1490-1496 [PubMed].
  60. Prin Mathieu C., Le Roux Y., Faure G.C., Laurent F., Béné M.C., Moussaoui F., Enzymatic activities of bovine peripheral blood leukocytes and milk polymorphonuclear neutrophils during intramammary inflammation caused by lipopolysaccharide, Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. 9 (2002) 812-817 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  61. Pyörälä S., Indicators of inflammation to evaluate the recovery from acute bovine mastitis, Res. Vet. Sci. 45 (1988) 166-169 [PubMed].
  62. Raulo S.M., Sorsa T., Tervahartiala T., Latvanen T., Pirilä E., Hirvonen J., Maisi P., Increase in milk metalloproteinase activity and vascular permeability in bovine endotoxin-induced and naturally occuring Escherichia coli mastitis, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 85 (2002) 137-145 [PubMed].
  63. Reboud-Ravaux M., Elastase inhibitors, J. Soc. Biol. 195 (2001) 143-150 [PubMed].
  64. Reinitz M., Paape M., Mather I.H., Effect of phagocytosed fat and casein on the intraphagosomal pH in bovine polymorphonuclear leukocytes, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 170 (1982) 281-286 [PubMed].
  65. Riollet C., Rainard P., Poutrel B., Cinétiques de recrutement cellulaire et de multiplication bactérienne après infection, Journées Nationales GTV-INRA, Nantes, France, 1999, Cellules somatiques du lait, 1999, pp. 23-28.
  66. Rogers S.A., Mitchell G.E., The relationship between somatic cell count, composition and manufacturing properties of bulk milk. Cheddar cheese and skim milk yoghurt, Aust. J. Dairy Technol. 49 (1994) 70-74.
  67. Russell M., Brooker B.E., Reiter B., Electron microscopic observations of the interaction of casein micelles and milk fat globules with bovine polymorphonuclear leucocytes during the phagocytosis of staphylococci in milk, J. Comp. Pathol. 87 (1977) 43-52 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  68. Schaar J., Funke H., Effect of subclinical mastitis on milk plasminogen and plasmin compared with that on sodium, antitrypsin and N-acetyl-$\beta$-D glucosaminidase, J. Dairy Res. 53 (1986) 515-528 [PubMed].
  69. Schepers A.J., Lam T.J., Schukken Y.H., Wilmink J.B., Hanekamp W.J., Estimation of variance components for somatic cells counts to determine thresholds for uninfected quarters, J. Dairy Sci. 80 (1997) 1833-1840 [PubMed].
  70. Shuster D.E., Harmon R.J., Jackson J.A., Hemken R.W., Endotoxin mastitis in cows milking four times daily, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 1527-1538 [PubMed].
  71. Silanikove N., Shamay A., Shinder D., Moran A., Stress down regulates milk yield in cows by plasmin induced beta-casein product that blocks K+ channels on the apical membranes, Life Sci. 67 (2000) 2201-2212 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  72. Sordillo L.M., Nickerson S.C., Akers R.M., Pathology of Staphyloccus aureus mastitis during lactogenesis: relationships with bovine mammary structure and function, J. Dairy Sci. 72 (1989) 228-240 [PubMed].
  73. Sordillo L.M., Shafer-Weaver K., Derosa D., Symposium: bovine immunology. Immunobiology of the mammary gland, J. Dairy Sci. 80 (1997) 1851-1865 [PubMed].
  74. Takeuchi K.H., McGarry M.P., Swank R.T., Elastase and cathepsin G activities are present in immature bone marrow neutrophils and absent in late marrow and circulating neutrophils of beige (Chediak-Higashi) mice, J. Exp. Med. 166 (1987) 1362-1376 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  75. Targowski S.P., Role of immune factors in protection of mammary gland, J. Dairy Sci. 66 (1983) 1781-1789 [PubMed].
  76. Tokunaga H., Waguri S., Sato N., Ohsawa Y., Banya Y., Kominami E., Uchiyama Y., Lysosomal cysteine and aspartic proteinases and ubiquitin in rat and human urinary bladder epithelium, Arch. Histol. Cytol. 59 (1996) 249-260 [PubMed].
  77. Urech E., Puhan Z., Schällibaum M., Changes in milk protein fraction as affected by subclinical mastitis, J. Dairy Sci. 82 (1999) 2402-2411 [PubMed].
  78. Vandeputte-Van Messon G., Burvenich C., Roets E., Massart-Laeën A.M., Heyneman R., Kremer W.D.J., Brand A., Classification of newley calved cows into moderate and severe responders to experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis, J. Dairy Res. 60 (1993) 19-29 [PubMed].
  79. Verdi R., Barbano D.M., Properties of proteases from somatic cells and blood leukocytes, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 2077-2081 [PubMed].
  80. Yamagata K., Matsumura K., Inoue W., Shiraki T., Yasuda S., Sugiura H., Cao C., Wantanabe Y., Kobayashi S., Coexpression of microsomal-type prostaglandin E synthase with cyclooxygenase-2 in brain endothelial cells of rats during endotoxin-induced fever, J. Neurosci. 21 (2001) 2669-2677 [PubMed].
  81. Zachos T., Politis I., Gorewit R.C., Barbano D.M., Effect of mastitis on plasminogen activator of milk somatic cells, J. Dairy Sci. 59 (1992) 461-467.
  82. Zavizion B., Heegard C.H., White J., Cheli F., Politis I., Synthesis of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 by bovine mammary epithelial and myoepithelial cell lines, J. Dairy Res. 63 (1996) 451-458 [PubMed].
  83. Zavizion B., White J.H., Bramley A.J., Staphylococcus aureus stimulates urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression by bovine mammary cells, J. Infect. Dis. 176 (1997) 1637-1640 [PubMed].