Free Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 31, Number 2, March-April 2000
Page(s) 215 - 227
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2000) 215-227


Abbas A.K., Lichtman A.H., Pober J.S., Cellular and molecular immunology, 3rd ed., W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1997, 516 p.
Abed Y., St-Laurent G., Zhang H., Jacobs R.M., Archambault D., Development of a Western blot assay for detection of bovine immunodeficiency-like virus using capsid and transmembrane envelope proteins expressed from recombinant baculovirus, Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. 6 (1999) 168-172.
Adler H., Jungi T.W., Pfister H., Strasser M., Sileghem M., Peterhans E., Cytokine regulation by virus infection: bovine viral diarrhea virus, a flavivirus, downregulates production of tumor necrosis factor alpha in macrophages in vitro, J. Virol. 70 (1996) 2650-2653.
Archambault D., Morin G., Elazhary Y., Roy R.S., Joncas J.H., Immune response of pregnant heifers and cows to bovine rotavirus inoculation and passive protection to rotavirus infection in newborn calves fed colostral antibodies or colostral lymphocytes, Am. J. Vet. Res. 49 (1988) 1084-1091.
Askew D., Gatewood J., Olivas E., Havenith K., Walker W.S., A subset of splenic macrophages process and present native antigen to naive antigen-specific CD4+ T-cells from mice transgenic for an alpha beta T-cell receptor, Cell. Immunol. 166 (1995) 62-70.
Baker J.C., Bovine viral diarrhea virus: a review, J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 190 (1987) 1449-1458.
Carman S., van Dreumel T., Ridpath J., Hazlett M., Alves D., Dubovi E., Tremblay R., Bolin S., Godkin A., Anderson N., Severe acute bovine diarrhea in Ontario, 1993-1995, J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. 10 (1998) 27-35.
Corapi W.V., French T.W., Dubovi E.J., Severe thrombocytopenia in young calves experimentally infected with noncytopathogenic bovine viral diarrhea virus, J. Virol. 63 (1989) 3924-3949.
Cortese V.S., West K.H., Hassard L.E., Carman S., Ellis J.A., Clinical and immunologic responses of vaccinated and unvaccinated calves to infection with a virulent type-II isolate of bovine viral diarrhea virus, J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 213 (1998) 1312-1319.
Ellis J.A., Davis W.C., Belden E.L., Pratt D.L., Flow cytofluorimetric analysis of lymphocyte subset alterations in cattle infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus, Vet. Pathol. 25 (1988) 231-236.
Ellis J.A., West K.H., Cortese V.S., Myers S.L., Carman S., Martin K.M., Haines D.M., Lesions and distribution of viral antigen following an experimental infection of young seronegative calves with virulent bovine diarrhea virus-type II, Can. J. Vet. Res. 62 (1998) 161-169.
Flipo D., Bernier J., Girard D., Krzystyniak K., Fournier M., Combined effects of selected insecticides on humoral immune response in mice, Int. J. Immunopharmacol. 14 (1992) 747-742.
Harpin S., Elahi S.M., Cornaglia E., Yolken R.H., Elazhary Y., The 5'-untranslated region sequence of a potential new genotype of bovine viral diarrhea virus, Arch. Virol. 140 (1995) 1285-1290.
Jain, N.C., Schalm's Veterinary Hematology, 4th ed., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1986, 1221 p.
Jensen J., Schultz R.D., Effect of infection by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in vitro on interleukin-1 activity of bovine monocytes, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 29 (1991) 251-265.
Ketelsen A.T., Johnson D.W., Muscoplat C.C., Depression of bovine monocyte chemotactic responses by bovine viral diarrhea virus, Infect. Immun. 25 (1979) 565-568.
Lalor P.A., Morrison W.I., Goddeeris B.M., Jack R.M., Black S.J., Monoclonal antibodies identify phenotypically and functionally distinct cell types in the bovine lymphoid system, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 13 (1986) 121-140.
Marshall D.J., Moxley R.A., Kelling C.L., Distribution of virus and viral antigen in specific pathogen free calves following inoculation with noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus, Vet. Pathol. 33 (1996) 311-318.
McClurkin A.W., Coria M.F., Bolin S.R., Isolation of cytopathic and noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus from the spleen of cattle acutely and chronically affected with bovine viral diarrhea, J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 186 (1985) 568-569.
Olchowy T.W., Ames T.R., Molitor T.W., Interaction of bovine respiratory syncytial virus with bovine alveolar macrophages in vivo: effects of virus infection upon selected functions, Can. J. Vet. Res. 58 (1994) 42-48.
Paisly L.F., Wells S.J., Peracute bovine virus diarrhea reportedly spreading, J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 205 (1994) 391-394.
Pellerin C., Van der Hurk J., Lecomte. J. Tijessen P., Identification of a new group of bovine diarrhea virus strains associated with severe outbreaks and high mortalities, Virology 203 (1994) 265-268.
Potgieter L.N., Immunology of bovine diarrhea virus, Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 11 (1995) 501-520.
Rebhun W.C., French T.W., Perdrizet J.A., Dubovi E.J., Dill S.G., Karcher L.F., Thrombocytopenia associated with acute bovine diarrhea infection in cattle, J. Vet. Intern. Med. 3 (1989) 42-46.
Rice C.M., Flaviviridae: the viruses and their replication, in: Fields Virology, Fields B.N., Knipe D.M., Hewley P.M. Eds., 3rd ed., Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1996, pp. 931-939.
Ridpath J.F., Bolin S.R., Dubovi, E.J., Segregation of bovine viral diarrhea virus into genotypes, Virology 205 (1994) 66-74.
Sankaran K., Herscowitz H.B., Phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of the murine alveolar macrophage-derived cell line MH-S, J. Leukocyte Biol. 57 (1995) 562-568.
SAS Institute, SAS/STAT guide for personal computers, version 6, SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina, 1987, 1028 p.
Stewart C.C., Lehnert B.E., Steinkamp J.A., In vitro and in vivo measurement of phagocytosis by flow cytometry, Methods Enzymol. 131 (1986) 183-192.
Thiel H.-J., Plagemann P.G.W., Moennig V., Pestiviruses, in: Fields Virology, Fields B.N., Knipe D.M., Hewley P.M. Eds, 3rd ed., Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1996, pp. 1059-1073.
Vézina S.-A., Loemba H., Fournier M., Dea S., Archambault D., Antibody response and blastogenic response in pigs experimentally infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, Can. J. Vet. Res. 60 (1996) 94-99.
Welsh M.D., Adair B.M., Foster J.C., Effect of BVD virus infection on alveolar macrophage functions, Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 46 (1995) 195-210.
Wilhelmsen C.L., Bolin S.R., Ridpath J.F., Cheville N.F., Kluge J.P., Experimental primary postnatal bovine viral diarrhea virus infection in six-month-old calves, Vet. Pathol. 27 (1990) 235-243.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences