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Table V.

Virulence factors of A. pleuropneumoniae with putative involvement in persistence in the upper respiratory tract and the corresponding genes.

(Putative) virulence factor Gene Reference
Aspartate ammonia-lyase aspA [64]
Global anaerobic regulator hlyX [7, 9, 10]
Dimethylsulfoxide reductase dmsA, dmsB, dmsC [7, 8]
Hemoglobin binding protein hgbA [8]
Capsular polysaccharide export cpxB, cpxC, cpx D [10, 105]
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis galU, rmlC, rfbN, rfbP, rfbU [105]
Autotransporter serine protease aasP [10]
Stress protein dnaK [10]
Branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis IlvI [109]
Aerobic respiration control protein acrA [26]