Flow cytometric analysis of CD4+ and CD8+ IFN-γ producing lymphocytes. PBMC from foals of different age groups and from adult horses were stimulated with PMA and ionomycin. The cells were stained for intracellular IFN-γ and cell surface CD4 or CD8 expression. (A) Flow cytometric analysis of one representative horse per age group. (B) Relative percentages of CD4+/IFN-γ+ and (C) CD8+/IFN-γ+ T cells in foals and adult horses within the IFN-γ producing cells (= 100%). (D) Percentages of IFN-γ+/IL-10+ lymphocytes in foals and adult horses. (E) A tri-color staining was performed on stimulated PBMC to confirm that the majority of the IFN-γ+/IL-10+ cells are CD4+ T cells. Gates were set on lymphocytes (see Fig. 1A) and on IFN-γ+ cells (left panel). The IFN-γ+ lymphocytes were then analyzed for IL-10 and CD4 staining (right panel). The horizontal lines within the data sets B, C and D represent medians. *** p < 0.001; ** p = 0.001 to < 0.01; ns = not significant.