Volume 41, Number 5, September–October 2010
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||30 July 2010|
|How to cite this article||Vet. Res. (2010) 41:76|
Porcine monocyte subsets differ in the expression of CCR2 and in their responsiveness to CCL2
Departamento de Biotecnología, INIA, Ctra. de la Coruña km 7.5, 28040
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 July 2010
Monocyte subsets have been shown to differ in the pattern of chemokine receptor expression and their migratory properties, both in human and mouse. Previously we have characterized in the swine several monocyte subpopulations, based on the expression of CD163, Tük4 and SLA-II, which share features with the populations described in human and mouse. Here, we have analysed the expression of different chemokine receptors in the CD163−Tük4+SLA-II− and CD163+Tük4−SLA-II+ populations of porcine monocytes. CD163+Tük4−SLA-II+ monocytes expressed higher CX3CR1 but lower CCR2 and CXCR4 mRNA levels than CD163−Tük4+SLA-II− monocytes. Moreover, porcine CCL2 binding on Tük4+SLA-II− but not on Tük4−SLA-II+ cells was detected by using a CCL2-green fluorescence protein (pCCL2-GFP) fusion protein. Finally, flow cytometric analyses of monocytes recovered after chemotaxis assays show a clear increase in the proportion of Tük4+SLA-II− cells in the fraction migrating toward CCL2, consistent with the polarized CCR2 expression in this monocyte population. The pattern of expression of these chemokine receptors reinforces the similarities of these porcine subsets with their human and mouse counterparts.
Key words: porcine monocyte / chemokine receptor / chemotaxis
© The authors published by INRA/EDP Sciences, 2010
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any noncommercial medium, provided the original work is properly cited.