Open Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 39, Number 5, September-October 2008
Number of page(s) 14
Published online 26 June 2008
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2008) 39:50
How to cite this article: Vet. Res. (2008) 39:50
DOI: 10.1051/vetres:2008027

Bovine alpha-1 acid glycoprotein can reduce the chemotaxis of bovine monocytes and modulate CD18 expression

Cristina Lecchi1, Fabrizio Ceciliani1, Sergio Bernasconi2, Federica Franciosi3, Valerio Bronzo1 and Paola Sartorelli1

1  Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Igiene e Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
2  Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Italy
3  Dipartimento di Scienze Animali, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy

Received 12 February 2008; accepted 20 June 2008; published online 26 June 2008

Abstract - The acute phase protein $\alpha_1$-acid glycoprotein (AGP - Orosomucoid) is a lipocalin with immunomodulatory functions. The present study provides evidence that the plasma glycoforms of AGP inhibit the migration of bovine monocytes in response to classical chemoattractants. The inhibition is specific, since neutrophils are apparently not affected. To investigate the molecular basis of this finding, the expression of the molecules mostly involved in chemotaxis, including CD18, CD11b and CD47 was studied. It was found that the incubation of activated monocytes with acute phase concentration of AGP (0.9 mg/mL) induces a down-regulation of CD18, and has no apparent influence on CD11b and CD47. RT-PCR expression studies on CD18, CD11b and CD47 mRNA revealed that AGP treatment does not modify the expression rate of these genes. Since AGP treatment is related to a down-regulation of CD18 on the surface of the monocytes, the authors suggest that one of its possible functions consists in specifically reducing the firm adhesion phase of bovine monocytes to the endothelium.

Key words: alpha-1 acid glycoprotein / acute phase protein / CD18 / monocytes / chemotaxis

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© INRA, EDP Sciences 2008