Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis: microbiology, biochemical properties, pathogenesis and molecular studies of virulenceFernanda Alves Dorellaa, Luis Gustavo Carvalho Pachecoa, Sergio Costa Oliveirab, Anderson Miyoshia and Vasco Azevedoa
a Laboratório de Genética Celular e Molecular, Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CP 486, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
b Laboratório de Imunologia de Doenças Infecciosas, Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CP 486, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
(Received 2 February 2005; accepted 4 November 2005; published online 11 February 2006)
Abstract - Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiological agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world. Once established, this disease is difficult to eradicate because drug therapy is not effective and because the clinical detection of infected animals is of limited efficiency. We reviewed the microbiological, biochemical and taxonomic features of C. pseudotuberculosis, general aspects of infection, the main virulence determinants and currently available commercial vaccines. We also examined the current molecular strategies for the study of virulence in C. pseudotuberculosis, including the latest research on the identification of novel virulence factors and genes, which will help us to better understand the biology of this microorganism. This knowledge may also contribute to the development of improved CLA vaccines, including subunit and DNA-based types, as well as to improve the diagnosis, treatment and control of this disease.
Key words: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis / caseous lymphadenitis / pathogenesis / virulence / vaccine
Corresponding author: Vasco Azevedo firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2006