Cases of zoonotic HEV transmission through consumption of contaminated foodstuffs.
|No. of cases/incubation time||Animal species||Cooking/recipe||Genotype||Elements in favor of a zoonotic transmission||Reference country|
|4 40 days||Sika deer||Slice of raw meat (sushi)||3||100% of sequence homology between patient and meat (frozen). 105 GE/g meat|| Japan|
|1 60 days||Wild boar||Grilled||3||Almost 100% (99.95) of sequence homology between patient and meat (frozen).|| Japan|
|2 30 to 60 days||Wild boar||Raw liver||4||Share and consumption of the same meal. 2 patients IgM and IgG positive and one of the two patients was HEV RNA positive.|| Japan|
|5 39 days||Wild boar||Grilled (Barbecue)||3||On 12 persons attending the same meal: 8/12 IgM +, 11/12 IgG + and 2/12 RNA +|| Japan|
|1 59 days||Wild boar||Grilled marinated meat (Barbecue)||3||The patient was IgM, IgG and HEV RNA positive and 1 person with high anti-HEV IgM had shared the same meal.|| Japan|
|10 14 to 60 days||Pork||Grilled liver, undercooked, rare||3, 4||9/10 patient had consumed raw or undercooked pig liver earlier.|| Japan|