Free access
Issue
Vet. Res.
Volume 33, Number 1, January-February 2002
Page(s) 13 - 22
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/vetres:2001002
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2002) 13-22
  1. Arellano P.E., Pijoan C., Jacobson L.D., Algers B., Stereotyped behaviour, social interactions and suckling pattern of pigs housed in groups or in single crates, Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 35 (1992) 157-166 [CrossRef].
  2. Arey D.S., Time course for the formation and disruption of social organisation in group- housed sows, Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 62 (1999) 199-207 [CrossRef].
  3. Arey D.S., Edwards S.A., Factors influencing aggression between sows after mixing and the consequences for welfare and production, Livest. Prod. Sci. 56 (1998) 61-70 [CrossRef].
  4. Barnett J.L., Winfield C.G., Cronin G.M., Makin A.W., Effects of photoperiod and feeding in plasma corticosteroid concentrations and maximum corticosteroid binding capacity in pigs, Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 34 (1981) 577-585 [PubMed].
  5. Barnett J.L., Cronin G.M., McCallum T.H., Newman E.A., Hennessy D.P., Effects of grouping unfamiliar adults pigs after dark, after treatment with amperozide and by using pens with stalls, on aggression, skin lesions and plasma cortisol concentrations, Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 50 (1996) 121-133 [CrossRef].
  6. Beattie V.E., Walker N., Sneddon I.A., Effect of rearing environment and change of environment on the behaviour of gilts, Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 46 (1995) 57-65 [CrossRef].
  7. Becker B., Christenson R., Ford J., Manak R., Nienaber J., Hahn G., Deshazer J., Serum cortisol concentration in gilts and sows housed in tether stalls, gestation stalls and individual pens, Ann. Rech. Vét. 15 (1984) 237-242 [PubMed].
  8. Bradshaw R.H., Parrott R.F., Goode J.A., Lloyd D.M., Rodway R.G., Broom D.M., Behavioural and hormonal responses of pigs during transport: effect of mixing and duration of journey, Anim. Sci. 62 (1996) 547-554.
  9. Broom D.M., Mendl M.T., Zanella A.J., A comparison of the welfare of sows in different housing conditions, Anim. Sci. 61 (1995) 369-385.
  10. Carlstead K., Brown J.L., Montfort S.L., Killens R., Wildt D., Urinary monitoring of adrenal responses to psychological stressors in domestic and non domestic felids, Zoo. Biol. 11 (1992) 165-176.
  11. Csermely D., Wood-Gush D.G.M., Agonistic behaviour in grouped sows. I. The influence of feeding, Biol. Behav. 11 (1986) 244-252.
  12. Dantzer R., Méthodologie et critères en matière de bien-être des animaux, Rev. Sci. Tech. O. I. E. 13 (1994) 277-290.
  13. Dantzer R., Mittleman G., Functional consequences of behavioural stereotypies, in: Lawrence A.B., Rushen J. (Ed.), Stereotypic animal behaviour: fundamental and applications to welfare, C.A.B. International, Wallingford, UK, 1993, p. 207.
  14. Dantzer R., Mormède P., Le stress en élevage intensif, Masson, Paris, 1979.
  15. Hay M., Mormède P., Improved determination of urinary cortisol and cortisone or corticosterone and 11-dihydrocorticosterone by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet absorbance detection, J. Chromatogr. B. 702 (1997) 33-39.
  16. Hay M., Mormède P., Urinary excretion of catecholamines, cortisol and their metabolites in Meishan and Large White sows: validation as a non-invasive and integrative assessment of adrenocortical and sympathoadrenal axis activity, Vet. Res. 29 (1998) 119-128 [PubMed].
  17. Hay M., Meunier-Salaün M.C., Brulaud F., Monnier M., Mormède P., Assessment of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic nervous system activity in pregnant sows through the measurement of glucocorticoids and catecholamines in urine, J. Anim. Sci. 78 (2000) 420-428 [PubMed].
  18. Janssens C.J.J.G., Helmond F.A., Weignant V.M., Increased cortisol response to exogenous adrenocorticotrophic hormone in chronically stressed pigs: influence of housing conditions, J. Anim. Sci. 72 (1994) 1771-1777 [PubMed].
  19. Kley H.K., Herberg L., Krüskemper H.L., Evaluation of adrenal function in mice by measurement of urinary excretion of free corticoids, J. Steroid Biochem. 7 (1976) 381-385 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  20. Lawrence A.B., Petherick J.C., McLean K.A., Dean L.A., Chirnside J., Vaughan A., Clutton E., Terlouw E.M.C., The effects of environment on behavior, plasma cortisol and prolactin in parturient sows, Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 39 (1994) 313-330 [CrossRef].
  21. Magnusson U., Wattrang E., Tsuma V., Fossum C., Effects of stress resulting from short-term restraint on in vitro functional capacity of leukocytes obtained from pigs, Am. J. Vet. Res. 59 (1998) 421-425 [PubMed].
  22. Martin P., Bateson P., Measuring behaviour: an introductory guide, Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  23. Miller M.W., Hobs N.T., Sousa M.C., Detecting stress responses in Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis canadensis): reliability of cortisol concentrations in urine and feces, Can. J. Zool. 69 (1991) 15-24.
  24. Mormède P., Les réponses neuroendocriniennes de stress, Recueil Méd. Vét. Éc. Alfort. 164 (1988) 723-741.
  25. Parrott R.F., Misson B.H., Baldwin B.A., Salivary cortisol in pigs following adrenocorticotrophic hormone stimulation: comparison with plasma levels, Brit. Vet. J. 145 (1989) 362-366.
  26. Pedersen V., Barnett J.L., Hemsworth P.H., Newman E.A., Schirmer B., The effects of handling on behavioural and physiological responses to housing in tether-stalls among pregnant pigs, Anim. Welf. 7 (1998) 137-150.
  27. Rushen J., de Passillé A.M.B., The scientific assessment on the impact of housing on animal welfare: A critical review, Can. J. Anim. Sci. 72 (1992) 721-743.
  28. SYSTAT, Inc. SPSS, Chicago, IL, 1997.
  29. Terlouw E.M.C., Lawrence A.B., Ladewig J., de Passillé A., Rushen J., Schouten W., Relationship between plasma cortisol and stereotypic activities in pigs, Behav. Processes 25 (1991) 133-153 [CrossRef].
  30. Tsuma V.T., Einarsson S., Madej A., Forsberg M., Lundeheim N., Plasma levels of progesterone and cortisol after ACTH administration in lactating primiparous sows, Acta Vet. Scand. 39 (1998) 71-76 [PubMed].
  31. Vieuille-Thomas C., Le Pape G., Signoret J.P., Stereotypies in pregnant sows: indications of influence of the housing system on the patterns expressed by the animals, Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 44 (1995) 19-27 [CrossRef].