White spot syndrome virus: an overview on an emergent concern
Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR), Laboratorio de Análisis Integral Acuícola, Centenario Norte No. 53. Col. Prados del Centenario, Unidad Hermosillo, Hermosillo, Sonora, C.P. 83260, México
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 24 February 2010
Viruses are ubiquitous and extremely abundant in the marine environment. One of such marine viruses, the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), has emerged globally as one of the most prevalent, widespread and lethal for shrimp populations. However, at present there is no treatment available to interfere with the unrestrained occurrence and spread of the disease. The recent progress in molecular biology techniques has made it possible to obtain information on the factors, mechanisms and strategies used by this virus to infect and replicate in susceptible host cells. Yet, further research is still required to fully understand the basic nature of WSSV, its exact life cycle and mode of infection. This information will expand our knowledge and may contribute to developing effective prophylactic or therapeutic measures. This review provides a state-of-the-art overview of the topic, and emphasizes the current progress and future direction for the development of WSSV control strategies.
Key words: WSSV / crustacean / gene expression / host range / control strategie
© INRA, EDP Sciences, 2010
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any noncommercial medium, provided the original work is properly cited.