Classification of worldwide bovine tuberculosis risk factors in cattle: a stratified approachMarie-France Humblet1, Maria Laura Boschiroli2 and Claude Saegerman1
1 Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis applied to Veterinary Sciences, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B42, Boulevard de Colonster 20, 4000 Liège – Sart Tilman, Belgium
2 National and OIE/FAO Bovine Tuberculosis Reference Laboratories, Bacterial Zoonoses Unit – Animal Diseases and Zoonoses Research Laboratory, French Food Safety Agency, 23 avenue du Général-de-Gaulle, 94706 Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France
Received 13 October 2008; accepted 4 June 2009; published online 6 June 2009
Abstract - The worldwide status of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) as a zoonosis remains of great concern. This article reviews the main risk factors for bTB in cattle based on a three-level classification: animal, herd and region/country level. A distinction is also made, whenever possible, between situations in developed and developing countries as the difference of context might have onsequences in terms of risk of bTB. Recommendations are suggested to animal health professionals and scientists directly involved in the control and prevention of bTB in cattle. The determination of Millenium Development Goals for bTB is proposed to improve the control/eradication of the disease worldwide.
Key words: zoonosis / Mycobacterium bovis / cattle / risk factor / epidemiology
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© INRA, EDP Sciences 2009