EDP Sciences Journals List
Open Access
Issue Vet. Res.
Volume 40, Number 5, September-October 2009
Number of page(s) 24
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/vetres/2009033
Published online 06 June 2009
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2009) 40:50

How to cite this article: Vet. Res. (2009) 40:50
DOI: 10.1051/vetres/2009033

Review

Classification of worldwide bovine tuberculosis risk factors in cattle: a stratified approach

Marie-France Humblet1, Maria Laura Boschiroli2 and Claude Saegerman1

1  Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis applied to Veterinary Sciences, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B42, Boulevard de Colonster 20, 4000 Liège – Sart Tilman, Belgium
2  National and OIE/FAO Bovine Tuberculosis Reference Laboratories, Bacterial Zoonoses Unit – Animal Diseases and Zoonoses Research Laboratory, French Food Safety Agency, 23 avenue du Général-de-Gaulle, 94706 Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France

Received 13 October 2008; accepted 4 June 2009; published online 6 June 2009

Abstract - The worldwide status of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) as a zoonosis remains of great concern. This article reviews the main risk factors for bTB in cattle based on a three-level classification: animal, herd and region/country level. A distinction is also made, whenever possible, between situations in developed and developing countries as the difference of context might have onsequences in terms of risk of bTB. Recommendations are suggested to animal health professionals and scientists directly involved in the control and prevention of bTB in cattle. The determination of Millenium Development Goals for bTB is proposed to improve the control/eradication of the disease worldwide.


Key words: zoonosis / Mycobacterium bovis / cattle / risk factor / epidemiology

Corresponding author: claude.saegerman@ulg.ac.be

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2009

In 2011, Veterinary Research will move to BioMed Central www.veterinaryresearch.org

During the 10 years of cooperation with the editorial team, EDP Sciences has brought the journal to an international level: the Impact Factor has risen from 1.49 in 2001 to 3.579 in 2010. The journal has maximum visibility among the community, as Veterinary Research now ranks 1st in the Veterinary Sciences ISI category.