Open Access
Vet. Res.
Volume 37, Number 3, May-June 2006
Mucosal immunology in domestic animals
Page(s) 257 - 280
Published online 23 February 2006
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2006) 257-280
Vet. Res. 37 (2006) 257-280
DOI: 10.1051/vetres:2006001

MALT structure and function in farm animals

Elisabeth M. Liebler-Tenorioa and Reinhard Pabstb

a  Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Naumburger Str. 96 a, 07743 Jena, Germany
b  Medical School Hanover, Centre of Anatomy, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625 Hanover, Germany

(Received 17 May 2005; accepted 15 September 2005; published online 23 February 2006)

Abstract - Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is defined as an organized lymphoid tissue in the mucosa that samples antigens. The morphological characteristics that distinguish MALT from lymphoid infiltrates are discussed. MALT has been extensively investigated in laboratory animals, while knowledge in cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses that are summarized under the term farm animals in this review is fragmentary. Literature data about the distribution, morphology, function and involvement in infectious diseases of MALT in farm animals are described. The understanding of specific features of MALT in other species than laboratory animals is important for comparative research, in order to understand pathological and immunological processes in the respective species and as a potential route of vaccination of mucosal surfaces.

Key words: MALT / NALT / tonsils / BALT / GALT

Corresponding author: Elisabeth M. Liebler-Tenorio

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2006

What is OpenURL?

The OpenURL standard is a protocol for transmission of metadata describing the resource that you wish to access.

An OpenURL link contains article metadata and directs it to the OpenURL server of your choice. The OpenURL server can provide access to the resource and also offer complementary services (specific search engine, export of references...). The OpenURL link can be generated by different means.

  • If your librarian has set up your subscription with an OpenURL resolver, OpenURL links appear automatically on the abstract pages.
  • You can define your own OpenURL resolver with your EDPS Account.
    In this case your choice will be given priority over that of your library.
  • You can use an add-on for your browser (Firefox or I.E.) to display OpenURL links on a page (see You should disable this module if you wish to use the OpenURL server that you or your library have defined.