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Vet. Res.
Volume 36, Number 4, July-August 2005
Page(s) 657 - 664
How to cite this article Vet. Res. (2005) 657-664
Vet. Res. 36 (2005) 657-664
DOI: 10.1051/vetres:2005017

The negative acute phase response of serum transthyretin following Streptococcus suis infection in the pig

Fiona M. Campbella, Mary Waterstona, Lars Ole Andresenb, Nanna Skall Sorensenb, Peter Mikael H. Heegaardb and P. David Eckersalla

a  Institute of Comparative Medicine, Division of Animal Production and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, G61 1QH, Glasgow, United Kingdom
b  Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Research, Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research (DFVF), 27 Bülowsvej, 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark

(Received 30 September 2004; accepted 28 January 2005)

Abstract - Transthyretin (TTR) is a serum protein which is a negative acute phase reactant in humans and levels of TTR are routinely measured as an indicator of health status. Such tests have yet to be established for the pig. In order to measure serum TTR in the pig during an acute phase response an assay was developed using anti-human TTR antibodies which cross reacted with porcine TTR. The assay had a detection limit of 32 $\mu$g/mL while the mean concentration of transthyretin measured in healthy pig serum was 302 ± 8 $\mu$g/mL (n = 63). There was no significant difference in the serum concentration of TTR in three different age groups from 10 to 25 weeks. Following Streptococcus suis type 2 infection transthyretin showed a negative acute phase response with serum concentrations reaching a significantly lower level at two days following infection.

Key words: acute phase proteins / pigs / infection Streptococcus suis

Corresponding author: P. David Eckersall

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2005

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