Role of Bordetella bronchiseptica adenylate cyclase in nasal colonization and in development of local and systemic immune responses in pigletsLaurence Hibrand-Saint Oyanta, Dorothée Bourgesa, Claire Chevaleyrea, Dominique Razeb, Camille Lochtb and Henri Salmona
a Laboratoire Lymphocytes et Immunité des Muqueuses, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Centre de Recherche de Tours, 37380 Nouzilly, France
b Laboratoire de Microbiologie Génétique et Moléculaire, INSERM U447, Institut Pasteur de Lille, 1 rue du Professeur Calmette, 59019 Lille, France
(Received 23 January 2004; accepted 2 August 2004)
Abstract - Two Bordetella bronchiseptica mutants, lacking the adenylate cyclase (Cya) or both Cya and pertactin (Prn), were compared with their parental strain NL1013 in their abilities to colonize the nose of neonate piglets and to induce local and systemic antibody responses against filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) after intranasal (i.n.) inoculation. The number of bacteria recovered and the duration of infection in the nasal secretions were greater for the wild-type parent strain than for the Cya-deficient mutant, indicating that Cya plays an important role during B. bronchiseptica colonization of the nasal cavity. The double mutant did not colonize the nasal cavity and was less able to adhere to epithelial cells in vitro than the other two strains, supporting the hypothesis that Prn plays a major role in cell adhesion. In piglets inoculated with the wild type strain, anti-FHA IgM was found in the nasal secretions one week after inoculation, followed two weeks later by anti-FHA IgA; their presence was concomitant with decreases in bacterial counts. Anti-FHA IgG appeared at six weeks after infection in the serum. In contrast, i.n. inoculation with either mutant failed to induce a nasal secretory antibody response but did induce an earlier and higher IgM response in the serum than inoculation with the wild type strain. However, only the Cya-deficient mutant was able to prime the piglets for the development of a secondary nasal IgM and serum IgG response to FHA after intranasal inoculation with the wild type B. bronchiseptica.
Key words: Bordetella / piglets / FHA / immune response / IgA
Corresponding author: Henri Salmon firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2005